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重庆金佛洞石笋记录的410 ka弱季风事件

许奕滨 杨勋林 袁道先 胡明广 葛晓艳 龚萌

许奕滨,杨勋林,袁道先,等. 重庆金佛洞石笋记录的410 ka弱季风事件[J]. 中国岩溶,2024,43(2):1-10 doi: 10.11932/karst2024y019
引用本文: 许奕滨,杨勋林,袁道先,等. 重庆金佛洞石笋记录的410 ka弱季风事件[J]. 中国岩溶,2024,43(2):1-10 doi: 10.11932/karst2024y019
XU Yibin, YANG Xunlin, YUAN Daoxian, HU Mingguang, GE Xiaoyan, GONG Meng. 410 ka weak monsoon event recorded by stalagmites in Jinfo Cave of Chongqing[J]. CARSOLOGICA SINICA. doi: 10.11932/karst2024y019
Citation: XU Yibin, YANG Xunlin, YUAN Daoxian, HU Mingguang, GE Xiaoyan, GONG Meng. 410 ka weak monsoon event recorded by stalagmites in Jinfo Cave of Chongqing[J]. CARSOLOGICA SINICA. doi: 10.11932/karst2024y019

重庆金佛洞石笋记录的410 ka弱季风事件

doi: 10.11932/karst2024y019
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(41971109,41572158)和国家重点研发计划子课题项目(2016YFC0502301-1)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    许奕滨(1998-),男,硕士研究生,研究方向:岩溶记录与全球变化

    通讯作者:

    杨勋林(1974-),男,博士,教授,主要从事石笋古气候研究。E-mail:xlyang@swu.edu.cn

410 ka weak monsoon event recorded by stalagmites in Jinfo Cave of Chongqing

  • 摘要: 冰消期或冰期由于冰盖消融引起淡水排放,容易造成不同纬度之间海洋-大气传输的异常,由此引发一系列或明显或不明显的千年级气候突变事件,如Younger Dryas(YD,新仙女木)和类似YD事件。MIS11c(深海氧同位素11阶段)作为当前全新世的最佳参照物之一,对期间可能发生的类YD事件及触发机制的研究有助于认识极端气候事件的发生规律。本文通过对重庆金佛洞石笋J33 δ18O序列记录的研究结果显示:(1)在MIS11间冰期盛期之前,亚洲季风气候区石笋揭示了一次发生于410 ka BP左右的千年尺度弱季风事件;(2) 410 ka弱季风事件与YD事件均发生于间冰期盛期之前季风逐渐增强过程中以及北半球夏季太阳辐射上升支,期间都发生了AMOC(大西洋经向翻转环流)扰动,除了在变化幅度、冰量条件等方面有些差异,事件的持续时间、内部结构、变化模式相似; (3)410 ka弱季风事件主要受太阳辐射和AMOC共同驱动主导,持续较强的变暖进程加速了格陵兰冰盖融化并导致了冰盖的不稳定,淡水持续注入北大西洋,造成短暂的AMOC振荡。AMOC的减弱使得北大西洋上空产生了冷异常,通过大气遥相关作用导致了较弱的ASM(亚洲夏季风)。

     

  • 图  1  金佛洞洞穴位置图

    Figure  1.  Location of the Jinfo Cave

    图  2  石笋J33剖面(A)和年龄模型(B)

    石笋J33年代采用线性内插方法获得,图中红色误差棒表示230Th年龄和2σ误差。

    Figure  2.  Profile of the J33 stalagmite (A) and age model (B)

    图  3  金佛洞石笋J33 δ18O与三宝洞石笋SB14 δ18O对比

    (A)石笋J33 δ18O 记录和测年误差(本研究); (B)石笋SB14 δ18O记录和测年误差[14]

    Figure  3.  Comparison of J33 δ18O of Jinfo Cave stalagmite and SB14 δ18O of Sanbao cave stalagmite

    图  4  410 ka BP弱季风事件

    (A)65°N 7月21日太阳辐射(棕色)和倾斜率(黑色)记录[22];(B)石笋J33 δ18O记录和测年误差(本研究);(C)石笋SB14 δ18O记录和测年误差[14]; (D)北大西洋钻孔M23414 0-200 m TEXL 86温度重建记录[23]; (E)北大西洋钻孔ODP983% N. pachyderma(s)记录[24]; (F)基于磁化率的红海中部风沙浓度记录[21]; (G)北大西洋钻孔ODP958基于烯酮和有孔虫的海洋表面温度记录(绿色和浅绿)[25]和中大西洋IODP U1313基于烯酮的海洋表面温度记录(红色)[26]; (H)ODP980底栖有孔虫δ13C记录[27]; (I)ODP983 IRD记录[24]。图中蓝色条带指示弱季风事件或冷事件。

    Figure  4.  410 ka BP weak monsoon event

    图  5  410 ka弱季风事件与YD事件对比(改编自张日萍[38])

    (A)石笋J33 δ18O记录(绿色,本研究)和65 °N 7月21日太阳辐射记录[22](黑色);(B)葫芦洞石笋H82 δ18O记录[39-40](粉色),董哥洞石笋D4 δ18O记录[41](蓝色)和65 °N 7月21日太阳辐射记录[22](红色);(C)采用AICC 2012年代标尺的NGRIP δ18O记录[42](绿色)和65 °N 7月21日太阳辐射记录[18](红色)。其中(A)使用上横轴时间坐标,(B)和(C)使用下横轴时间坐标。图中蓝色条带指示弱季风事件,黄色条带指示强季风事件,黑色虚线分别指示突变事件开始阶段的结束时间和结束阶段的开始时间。

    Figure  5.  Comparison of the 410 ka BP weak monsoon event with the YD event

    图  6  410 ka弱季风事件与YD事件期间全球部分记录的对比

    (A)65 °N 7月21日太阳辐射(棕色)和倾斜率(黑色)记录[22];(B)岁差记录[22];(C)左为石笋J33 δ18O记录(碧绿,本研究);右为葫芦洞石笋H82 δ18O记录[39-40](粉色),董哥洞石笋D4 δ18O记录[41](深蓝色); (D)左为ODP980底栖有孔虫δ13C记录[26];右为海洋沉积物的231Pa/230Th比率[48];(E)南极冰芯EDC CO2(灰色)和CH4(蓝色)记录[49]; (F)LR04 δ18O 记录[50]和ODP983 IRD记录[24]。图中蓝色条带指示弱季风事件或冷事件。

    Figure  6.  Comparison of selected global records during the 410 ka BP weak monsoon event and the YD event

    表  1  石笋J33 230Th 测年结果(“*”指示新测得的数据)

    Table  1.   230Th date results for stalagmite J33 (‘*’ indicates the new measured data)

    Sample
    Number
    Depth
    (mm)
    238U
    (ppb)
    232Th
    (ppt)
    230Th / 232Th
    (atomic×10-6)
    δ234U
    (measured)
    230Th / 238U
    (activity)
    Age (ka BP)
    (uncorrected)
    Age (ka BP)
    (corrected)
    δ234UInitial
    (corrected)
    J33-1144.92516.4±0.1884.9±10.272003.1±832.5424.5±0.31.536±0.001393.5±2.0393.5±2.01288.5±7.5
    J33-2185.72875.4±0.1429.4±10.7167329.4±4184.0406.4±0.31.516±0.001400.6±1.5400.6±1.51258.9±5.3
    J33-3196.92158.7±0.12182.9±11.024635.3±127.0402.8±0.31.511±0.002400.9±3.2400.9±3.21248.6±11.2
    J33-4230.93113.8±0.21397.6±9.855814.2±391.3406.0±0.31.519±0.001409.4±1.6409.4±1.61288.8±5.9
    J33-5268.72791.5±0.2738.7±28.795730.9±3715.6416.4±0.31.536±0.001415.6±1.6415.6±1.61345.7±6.1
    J33-6301.22906.0±0.1479.0±8.4154689.1±2718.8422.2±0.31.546±0.001420.5±1.8420.5±1.81383.2±7.1
    J33-7*306.03621.9±8.7672.0±1.6137821.0±39.0425.2±0.31.551±0.000421.1±1.3421.1±1.31395.4±5.3
    J33-8*333.03173.3±7.7607.6±1.5134437.0±38.0431.6±0.41.561±0.000425.2±1.5425.2±1.51432.7±6.2
    U decay constants: λ238 = 1.55125×10−10[13] and λ234 = 2.82206×10−6[11]. Th decay constant: λ230 = 9.1705×10−6[11]. δ234U = ([234U/238U] activity – 1) ×1000. δ234Uinitial was calculated based on 230Th age (T), i.e., δ234Uinitial = δ234Umeasured×eλ234×T. Corrected 230Th ages assume the initial 230Th/232Th atomic ratio of 4.4±2.2×10−6. Those are the values for a material at secular equilibrium, with the bulk earth 232Th/238U value of 3.8. The errors are arbitrarily assumed to be 50%. “BP” stands for “Before Present” where the “Present” is defined as the year 1950 CE.
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-04-14
  • 录用日期:  2024-01-09
  • 修回日期:  2023-11-13
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-04-28

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