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喀斯特石漠化治理措施对土壤颗粒有机碳与团聚体有机碳的影响

蓝家程 王俊贤 王莎莎 祁雪 龙启霞

蓝家程,王俊贤,王莎莎,等. 喀斯特石漠化治理措施对土壤颗粒有机碳与团聚体有机碳的影响[J]. 中国岩溶,2022,41(5):773-783 doi: 10.11932/karst20220509
引用本文: 蓝家程,王俊贤,王莎莎,等. 喀斯特石漠化治理措施对土壤颗粒有机碳与团聚体有机碳的影响[J]. 中国岩溶,2022,41(5):773-783 doi: 10.11932/karst20220509
LAN Jiacheng, WANG Junxian, WANG Shasha, QI Xue, LONG Qixia. Impact of controlling karst rocky desertification on soil particulate organic carbon and aggregate-associated organic carbon[J]. CARSOLOGICA SINICA, 2022, 41(5): 773-783. doi: 10.11932/karst20220509
Citation: LAN Jiacheng, WANG Junxian, WANG Shasha, QI Xue, LONG Qixia. Impact of controlling karst rocky desertification on soil particulate organic carbon and aggregate-associated organic carbon[J]. CARSOLOGICA SINICA, 2022, 41(5): 773-783. doi: 10.11932/karst20220509

喀斯特石漠化治理措施对土壤颗粒有机碳与团聚体有机碳的影响

doi: 10.11932/karst20220509
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(41601584,42177446); 贵州省科技计划项目(黔科合基础[2017]1417);国家重点研发计划课题(2016YFC0502603)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    蓝家程 (1986-),男,博士,教授,研究方向:喀斯特生态环境与土壤生态。E-mail:lanjc2016@163.com

  • 中图分类号: S153.6

Impact of controlling karst rocky desertification on soil particulate organic carbon and aggregate-associated organic carbon

  • 摘要: 文章以耕地为对照,分析不同石漠化治理措施(花椒林和次生林)对土壤0~20 cm土层有机碳(SOC)、颗粒有机碳(POC)、矿物结合有机碳(MOC)和团聚体有机碳的影响,探讨POC、MOC与SOC、团聚体有机碳的关系。结果表明:与耕地相比,花椒林和次生林均不同程度提高SOC、POC、MOC和团聚体有机碳含量。0~10 cm土层次生林SOC含量和各粒径团聚体有机碳含量均显著高于耕地和花椒林,在10~20 cm土层无显著差异;0~20 cm土层花椒林和次生林土壤POC含量显著高于耕地,MOC无显著差异。POC/SOC范围为20.38%~45.27%,花椒林和次生林显著高于耕地。相反,MOC/SOC为耕地显著高于花椒林和次生林 。退耕为花椒林和次生林后,SOC含量的增加主要以POC含量增加为主。次生林和花椒林>2 mm粒径对SOC贡献率显著高于耕地,但0.25~2 mm粒径、0.053~0.25 mm粒径和 < 0.053 mm粒径对SOC贡献率显著低于耕地。其相关分析表明:POC、MOC与SOC、团聚体有机碳的关系均呈正相关,表现为次生林 > 花椒林 > 耕地。退耕恢复为花椒林和次生林后,SOC、POC和MOC增加量与团聚体有机碳增加量显著相关,其以次生林的相关性较强。石漠化治理措施改变SOC物理组分及其组成以及它们之间的关系,从而促进有机碳的积累。

     

  • 图  1  团聚体有机碳对土壤有机碳的贡献率

    Figure  1.  Contribution rate of aggregate-associated organic carbon to soil organic carbon

    图  2  土壤颗粒有机碳、矿物结合有机碳变化量与土壤有机碳变化量的关系

    Figure  2.  Relationship between change of particulate organic carbon, mineral-associated organic carbon and change of soil organic carbon

    图  3  土壤有机碳、颗粒有机碳、矿物结合有机碳变化量与团聚体有机碳变化量的关系

    Figure  3.  Relationship between change of soil organic carbon, particulate organic carbon, mineral associated organic carbon and change of aggregate-associated organic carbon

    表  1  土壤有机碳、颗粒有机碳及矿物结合有机碳变化

    Table  1.   Changes of soil organic carbon, particulate organic carbon and mineral-associated organic carbon

    土层/ cm SOC/g·kg−1 POC/g·kg−1 MOC/g·kg−1 POC/SOC (%) MOC/SOC (%)
    0~10 耕地 21.50aA 6.05aA 15.45aA 27.92aA 72.08aA
    花椒林 25.20aA 10.57bA 14.63aA 41.47bA 58.53bA
    次生林 31.03bA 14.20cA 16.83aA 45.27bA 54.73bA
    10~20 耕地 19.35aA 3.94aA 15.41aA 20.38aA 79.62aA
    花椒林 22.37aA 8.24bA 14.14aA 36.75bA 63.25bA
    次生林 22.79aB 7.26bB 15.53aA 31.48bB 68.52bB
    注:不同小写字母表示同一土层不同土地利用间显著差异 (P<0.05),不同大写字母表示同一土地利用不同土层间显著差异 (P<0.05)。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  土壤团聚体有机碳含量变化

    Table  2.   Change of soil aggregate-associated organic carbon

    土层 有机碳含量/ g·kg−1
    > 2 mm 0.25~2 mm 0.053~0.25 mm <0.053 mm
    0~10 耕地 21.80aA 20.53aA 18.22aA 19.79aA
    花椒林 24.46aA 23.06aA 21.77aA 24.01aA
    次生林 30.45bA 28.88bA 30.52bA 30.63bA
    10~20 耕地 19.79aA 19.27aA 18.21aA 18.80aA
    花椒林 21.72aA 21.36aA 20.21aA 21.64aA
    次生林 22.76aB 21.89aB 21.95aB 21.82aB
    注:不同小写字母表示同一土层不同土地利用间显著差异 (P<0.05);不同大写字母表示同一土地利用不同土层间显著差异 (P<0.05)。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  颗粒有机碳、矿物结合有机碳与土壤有机碳、团聚体有机碳的相关关系

    Table  3.   Relationship between particulate organic carbon, mineral associated organic carbon and soil organic carbon, and aggregate-associated organic carbon

    有机碳含量/g·kg−1
    > 2 mm 0.25~2 mm 0.053~0.25 mm <0.053 mm SOC
    耕地 POC 0.421 0.290 0.179 0.111 0.527
    MOC 0.520 0.555 0.591* 0.685* 0.495
    SOC 0.919** 0.824** 0.748** 0.773** 1.000
    花椒林 POC 0.558 0.534 0.684* 0.591* 0.672*
    MOC 0.593* 0.632* 0.387 0.463 0.536
    SOC 0.944** 0.954** 0.897** 0.873** 1.000
    次生林 POC 0.958** 0.920** 0.854** 0.941** 0.944**
    MOC 0.635* 0.682* 0.714** 0.656* 0.691*
    SOC 0.991** 0.978** 0.937** 0.985** 1.000
    注:*P<0.05 水平显著差异;**P<0.01 水平显著差异。
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-01-01
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