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文山小河尾水库岩溶渗漏水文地质条件与管道位置识别

刘天云 罗锐恒 胡顺强 赵永宾 潘晓东 刘伟

刘天云,罗锐恒,胡顺强,等.文山小河尾水库岩溶渗漏水文地质条件与管道位置识别[J].中国岩溶,2022,41(1):88-99. doi: 10.11932/karst20220104
引用本文: 刘天云,罗锐恒,胡顺强,等.文山小河尾水库岩溶渗漏水文地质条件与管道位置识别[J].中国岩溶,2022,41(1):88-99. doi: 10.11932/karst20220104
LIU Tianyun,LUO Ruiheng,HU Shunqiang,et al.Hydrogeological conditions of karst leakage and identification of pipeline location in Xiaohewei reservoir, Wenshan[J].Carsologica Sinica,2022,41(01):88-99. doi: 10.11932/karst20220104
Citation: LIU Tianyun,LUO Ruiheng,HU Shunqiang,et al.Hydrogeological conditions of karst leakage and identification of pipeline location in Xiaohewei reservoir, Wenshan[J].Carsologica Sinica,2022,41(01):88-99. doi: 10.11932/karst20220104

文山小河尾水库岩溶渗漏水文地质条件与管道位置识别

doi: 10.11932/karst20220104
基金项目: 

中国地质调查局地质调查项目 DD20221758, DD20190326

广西重点研发计划项目 桂科AB21196026

详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘天云(1970-),男,高级工程师,主要从事水利水电工程勘察与设计方面的研究。E-mail:350611029@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    潘晓东(1984-),男,高级工程师,主要从事岩溶地区水工环地质方面的研究。E-mail:pxiaodong@mail.cgs.gov.cn

  • 中图分类号: TV697.3

Hydrogeological conditions of karst leakage and identification of pipeline location in Xiaohewei reservoir, Wenshan

Funds: 

 DD20221758, DD20190326

 桂科AB21196026

  • 摘要: 小河尾水库是云南省文山州重要的集中式饮用水水源地,承担着22万人饮水供应任务,长年受到渗漏病害问题困扰。文章在水文地质调查基础上,提出小河尾水库岩溶渗漏水文地质条件的新认识:泥盆系坡折落组硅质岩和榴江组硅质岩构成南北两侧隔水边界,中间厚约40米的分水岭组灰岩构成渗漏条带,一NE-SW向压扭性逆断层F1构成西侧隔水边界,库水主要向东北侧渗漏。采用大功率充电法和音频大地电磁法2种物探方法探测岩溶渗漏管道位置和深度,并实施钻孔验证,综合分析水文地质调查、物探和钻探成果,认为在分水岭组灰岩与上部榴江组硅质岩、下部坡折落组硅质岩岩性接触带附近分别存在强岩溶渗漏带,并分析2处强岩溶渗漏带分布特征、规模和充填性质,为小河尾水库渗漏治理提供依据,为以后岩溶地区类似水库渗漏病害问题调查治理提供借鉴。

     

  • 图  1  研究区水文地质图

    Figure  1.  Hydrogeological map of the study area

    图  2  小河尾水库1∶20万水文地质图

    Figure  2.  1∶200,000 hydrogeological map of Xiaohewei reservoir

    图  3  小河尾水库渗漏水文地质调查成果与地球物理探测测线布置图

    Figure  3.  Hydrogeological survey results and line layout in geophysical survey of Xiaohewei reservoir

      照片1 水库附近岩溶塌陷

    .  Photo 1 Karst collapse near the reservoir

      照片3 塌陷附近开挖灰岩

    .  Photo 3 Limestone excavation near the karst collapse

      照片2 F1断层沿线D01处断层角砾岩

    .  Photo 2 Fault breccia at D01 along F1

    图  4  小河尾水库水文地质剖面(A-A’)

    Figure  4.  Hydrogeological profile of Xiaohewei reservoir (A-A ')

    图  5  小河尾水库水文地质剖面(B-B’)

    Figure  5.  Hydrogeological profile of Xiaohewei reservoir (B-B ')

    图  6  示踪接收点荧光素钠浓度趋势图

    Figure  6.  Trend diagram of Fluorescein Sodium concentration at tracer receiving point

    图  7  地球物理探测结果图(a.大功率充电法,b.音频大地电磁法)

    Figure  7.  Geophysical exploration result map (a.large power charge meth, b.acoustic magnetotelluric )

    图  8  钻孔ZK01和ZK06岩性柱状图

    Figure  8.  Lithology histogram of borehole ZK01 and ZK06

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  • 收稿日期:  2021-09-12
  • 刊出日期:  2022-02-25

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