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中国穴居尼泡马陆属一新种(倍足纲,泡马陆目,毛顶泡马陆科)

赵茹佳 赵奕 刘卫欣

赵茹佳,赵奕,刘卫欣.中国穴居尼泡马陆属一新种(倍足纲,泡马陆目,毛顶泡马陆科)[J].中国岩溶,2021,40(06):1052-1057. doi: 10.11932/karst20210616
引用本文: 赵茹佳,赵奕,刘卫欣.中国穴居尼泡马陆属一新种(倍足纲,泡马陆目,毛顶泡马陆科)[J].中国岩溶,2021,40(06):1052-1057. doi: 10.11932/karst20210616
ZHAO Rujia,ZHAO Yi,LIU Weixin.A new cave species of the millipede genus Nepalella Shear, 1979 (Diplopoda, Chordeumatida, Megalotylidae) from Sichuan, southwestern China[J].Carsologica Sinica,2021,40(6):1052-1057. doi: 10.11932/karst20210616
Citation: ZHAO Rujia,ZHAO Yi,LIU Weixin.A new cave species of the millipede genus Nepalella Shear, 1979 (Diplopoda, Chordeumatida, Megalotylidae) from Sichuan, southwestern China[J].Carsologica Sinica,2021,40(6):1052-1057. doi: 10.11932/karst20210616

中国穴居尼泡马陆属一新种(倍足纲,泡马陆目,毛顶泡马陆科)

doi: 10.11932/karst20210616
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金青年项目 31801956

详细信息
    作者简介:

    赵茹佳(1999-),女,农学学士。E-mail: rj0052021@163.com

    通讯作者:

    刘卫欣(1987-),女,农学博士,副教授,从事洞穴生物多样性研究。E-mail: da2000wei@163.com

A new cave species of the millipede genus Nepalella Shear, 1979 (Diplopoda, Chordeumatida, Megalotylidae) from Sichuan, southwestern China

Funds: 

 31801956

  • 摘要: 尼泡马陆属(Nepalella)是泡马陆目(Chordeumatida)中多样性较丰富的属,全世界已记录27种,其中中国已知12种,主要分布在云南、四川、重庆、贵州,且该属多数种类为穴居类型。该文记述采自中国四川省彭州市洞穴内的真穴居尼泡马陆一新种,即何力尼泡马陆(N. helii sp. nov.),这是四川省记录的第四个尼泡马陆属物种。该新种与其近缘种类巨尼泡马陆(N. grandoides Golovatch, Geoffroy & Mauriés, 2006)(四川省北川县)的区别在于:(1)体型较小,体长27.5~36.0 mm;(2)雄性第3~5对足的股节近基部具一蘑菇状突起;(3)前生殖肢基板正中部突起明显,呈刺状;(4)后生殖肢基节侧缘中上部具一小型刺状分枝。同时,该文利用分子生物学提取了何力尼泡马陆的DNA,扩增了线粒体细胞色素C氧化酶I亚基基因(cytochrome c oxidase I, COI)的条形码。新的核苷酸序列上传至GenBank数据库,登录号为OL420758。

     

  • 图  1  何力尼泡马陆生态照

    Figure  1.  Nepalella helii sp. nov. in the nature (A. female B. a mating pairs)

    图  2  何力尼泡马陆(雄性副模)

    Figure  2.  Nepalella helii sp. nov (male paratype) (A-C.anterior part of body, dorsal, ventral and lateral views, respectively D-F.midbody segments, dorsal, ventral and lateral views, respectively G-I.posterior part of body, dorsal, ventral and lateral views, respectively)

    图  3  何力尼泡马陆(雄性副模)

    Figure  3.  Nepalella helii sp. nov (male paratype) (A.second leg pair, caudal view B.third leg pair, caudal view C.ourth leg pair, frontal view D.seventh leg pair, frontal view E.10th leg pair, frontal view F.11th leg pair, caudal view) (Abbreviations, cx = coxa cg = coxal gland fem = femur d = digitiform outgrowth m = mushroom-like protuberance p = papillae pre = prefemur sp = spiniform process tar = tarsus)

    图  4  何力尼泡马陆

    Figure  4.  Nepalella helii sp. nov. (A.female paratype, vulva, ventral view B-E.male paratype B, C.anterior gonopods, frontal and caudal views, respectively D, E.posterior gonopods, frontal and caudal views, respectively) (Abbreviations, bc = bush-like structure cxi = coxite f = flagellum ml = median lobe mp = median process op = operculum process sb = spiniform branch t1-t2 = telopoditomeres 1 and 2)

  • ShearW A. Diplopoda from the Nepal Himalayas. Chordeumida with comments on the Asian chordeumid fauna[J]. Senckenbergiana Biologica, 1979, 60(1/2):115-130.
    EnghoffH, GolovatchS I, ShortM,et al. Diplopoda-taxonomic overview. In: Minelli A. editor.Treatise on Zoology-Anatomy, Taxonomy, Biology[M]. MyriapodaThe 2, 2015(16):363-453.
    GolovatchS I, LiuW X. Diversity, distribution patterns, and fauno-genesis of the millipedes (Diplopoda) of mainland China[J].ZooKeys,2020,930:153-198.DOI:10.3897/zookeys. 930.47513
    LiuW X, WesenerT, GolovatchS I, et al. Contributions to the millipede genus Nepalella Shear, 1979 from China, with four new species and first results on phylogeny based on DNA-barcoding (Diplopoda, Chordeumatida, Megalotylidae)[J]. Zootaxa, 2017, 4243(3):455-482.
    ShearW A. Five new Chordeumatidan millipedes from China: New species of Vieteuma (Kashmireumatidae) and Nepalella (Megalotylidae)[J]. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 2002, 53(6):62-72.
    AstrinJ J, StübenP E. Phylogeny in cryptic weevils: molecules, morphology and new genera of western Palaearctic Cryptorhynchinae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)[J].Invertebrate Systematics,2008,22(5):503-522. DOI:10.1071/IS 07057
    SpeldaJ. Review of the millipede genus Pterygophorosoma Verhoeff, 1897 (Diplopoda, Chordeumatida, Craspedosomatidae)[J]. Andrias, 2001, 15:29-48.
    GolovatchS I, GeoffroyJ J, MauriѐsJ P. Four new Chordeumatida (Diplopoda) from caves in China[J]. Zoosystema,2006a, 28(1):75-92.
    GolovatchS I, GeoffroyJ J. Mauriѐs J P. Several new or poorly-known cavernicolous millipedes (Diplopoda) from southern China[J]. Arthropoda Selecta, 2006b, 15(2):81-89.
    DeuveT, HeL, TianM Y. Descriptions of the first semiaphenopsian troglobiotic Patrobini and of a new anophthalmic cave-dwelling Trechini from central Sichuan, China (Coleoptera: Caraboidea)[J].Annales de la Société entomologique de France(N.S.),2020,56(2):93-105.DOI:10.1080/00379 271.2020.1722748
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-04-30
  • 刊出日期:  2021-12-25

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