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岩溶洞穴交互带概念的提出及其在水资源管理中的意义

郭 芳 姜光辉 王文科 刘绍华

郭 芳, 姜光辉, 王文科, 刘绍华. 岩溶洞穴交互带概念的提出及其在水资源管理中的意义[J]. 中国岩溶, 2019, 38(1): 1-9. doi: 10.11932/karst20190101
引用本文: 郭 芳, 姜光辉, 王文科, 刘绍华. 岩溶洞穴交互带概念的提出及其在水资源管理中的意义[J]. 中国岩溶, 2019, 38(1): 1-9. doi: 10.11932/karst20190101
GUO Fang, JIANG Guanghui, WANG Wenke, LIU Shaohua. Concept of karst cave hyporheic zone and its significance in water resource management[J]. CARSOLOGICA SINICA, 2019, 38(1): 1-9. doi: 10.11932/karst20190101
Citation: GUO Fang, JIANG Guanghui, WANG Wenke, LIU Shaohua. Concept of karst cave hyporheic zone and its significance in water resource management[J]. CARSOLOGICA SINICA, 2019, 38(1): 1-9. doi: 10.11932/karst20190101

岩溶洞穴交互带概念的提出及其在水资源管理中的意义

doi: 10.11932/karst20190101
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(41772269;41472239);中国地质科学院基本科研业务费(YYWF201504)

Concept of karst cave hyporheic zone and its significance in water resource management

  • 摘要: 岩溶地区以管道流为主的地下水补给、径流与排泄常常引起地下水与地表水间快速且频繁的交互与转化,并因此引发水环境退化问题。文章引用并拓展地表水文学和水文生态学中交互带的概念,提出南方岩溶地区管道流与其他类型水体交互的场所为岩溶洞穴交互带,并依据交互带的水流类型和交互方式,划分为泉口交互带、天窗交互带、落水洞交互带和管道交互带4种类型;且以泉口交互带和天窗交互带为重点,采用水文和水化学在线监测、现场测试、流量测量,结合水化学、浮游生物和微生物等的分析鉴定,剖析了交互带的水文、水化学特征和水生生物群落结构及其与水环境的关系。研究发现:岩溶洞穴交互带的水文功能有弱化趋势;泉口交互带的污染物降解能力明显,水化学功能尚能发挥作用;水生生物功能在退化,主要是由水文功能弱化导致的。水文功能弱化是岩溶洞穴交互带环境功能退化的重要原因。建议在岩溶地区的水文地质和环境地质工作中重视交互带,探索交互带的探测和监测技术,通过有效管理改善交互带的环境功能。

     

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  • 发布日期:  2019-02-25

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