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土地利用对岩溶作用碳汇的影响研究综述

曾思博 蒋勇军

曾思博, 蒋勇军. 土地利用对岩溶作用碳汇的影响研究综述[J]. 中国岩溶, 2016, 35(2): 153-163. doi: 10.11932/karst20160204
引用本文: 曾思博, 蒋勇军. 土地利用对岩溶作用碳汇的影响研究综述[J]. 中国岩溶, 2016, 35(2): 153-163. doi: 10.11932/karst20160204
ZENG Si-bo, JIANG Yong-jun. Impact of Land-Use and Land-Cover change on the carbon sink produced by karst processes: A review[J]. CARSOLOGICA SINICA, 2016, 35(2): 153-163. doi: 10.11932/karst20160204
Citation: ZENG Si-bo, JIANG Yong-jun. Impact of Land-Use and Land-Cover change on the carbon sink produced by karst processes: A review[J]. CARSOLOGICA SINICA, 2016, 35(2): 153-163. doi: 10.11932/karst20160204

土地利用对岩溶作用碳汇的影响研究综述

doi: 10.11932/karst20160204
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(41472321、41172331)

Impact of Land-Use and Land-Cover change on the carbon sink produced by karst processes: A review

  • 摘要: 耦合水生光合作用的岩溶作用碳汇新模式的提出使得碳酸盐岩的风化过程成为寻找“陆地剩余碳汇”(residual land sink) 的新方向。传统意义上,碳酸盐岩风化在全球碳循环模型中被认为是未快速响应地表环境变化的地质过程,然而最新一系列研究表明人类土地利用显著改变了这一地质循环过程。文章总结了岩溶作用碳汇对不同土地利用/覆被变化的具体响应,并对其机理进行了系统分析。发现土地利用与覆被变化影响岩溶作用碳循环过程主要源自土壤CO2浓度和径流量变化以及外源酸(硝酸和硫酸)的介入。证据显示在土地利用对岩溶作用碳汇的调控中土壤CO2浓度与径流量是复杂且相互制约的两个机制,人类活动产生的外源酸干扰在不同层面上的影响也不同。由于地表水生生态系统所产生的内源有机碳(AOC)的巨大稳碳能力(水生碳泵效应)在以往的研究中并没有与碳酸盐岩风化过程相联系,因而其对土地利用变化的响应过程和机理是岩溶碳循环研究的最新方向。基于土地利用调控碳酸盐岩风化过程的复杂性和多样性特点,综合考虑岩溶作用产生的DIC(溶解无机碳)与AOC在不同土地利用情况下的相互关系以及定量分析各环境因素的具体效应成为了合理制定人为土地利用调控策略的必要前提,也是岩溶作用碳汇研究的未来发展方向。

     

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