• 首页
  • 刊物介绍
  • 编委会
  • 过刊浏览
  • 订阅指南
  • 在线投稿
  • 联系我们
广州金沙洲岩溶地面塌陷地质灾害成因分析
投稿时间:2013-01-04    点此下载全文
引用本文:黄健民,吕镁娜,郭 宇,陈小月.广州金沙洲岩溶地面塌陷地质灾害成因分析[J].中国岩溶,2013,32(2):167-174. HUANG Jian min,Lü Mei na,GUO Yu,CHEN Xiao yue.Research on the reason for geologic disaster by karst surface collapse at Jinshazhou in Guangzhou[J].Carsologica Sinica,2013,32(2):167-174.
摘要点击次数: 1652
全文下载次数: 2959
学科分类:
作者单位
黄健民 广州市地质调查院 
吕镁娜 广州市地质调查院 
郭 宇 广州市地质调查院 
陈小月 广州市地质调查院 
基金项目:广州市国土资源和房屋管理局“广州市白云区金沙洲岩溶地面塌陷、地面沉降地质灾害调查探测与监测”项目(ZX2012411007008)
中文摘要:广州金沙洲是岩溶地面塌陷危害较严重的地区之一,至目前已发生塌陷24个,主要集中分布在某高铁隧道两侧,与隧道垂直距离小于400 m;塌陷的形成与发展与金沙洲地质环境条件脆弱、高铁隧道施工抽排地下水有很大的关系。调查表明,金沙洲北东向断裂构造发育,隐伏灰岩见洞率60 %~76.9 %,线岩溶率最大达52.58 %,部分地段灰岩上覆土体厚度小于15 m。金沙洲某高铁隧道施工期间多个时段排水强烈,排水量达2 000~3 000 m 3 /d,导致地下水位剧烈波动,并引发了20多个岩溶地面塌陷,而在隧道施工之前及在隧道施工不抽排水的个别时段,区内均无塌陷发生。上述岩溶塌陷发育特征表明,脆弱的地质环境条件是金沙洲岩溶地面塌陷的内在因素,而高铁隧道施工抽排地下水则是岩溶地面塌陷的直接诱发因素。
中文关键词:岩溶地面塌陷  隧道施工  抽排地下水  断裂构造  塌陷成因
 
Research on the reason for geologic disaster by karst surface collapse at Jinshazhou in Guangzhou
Abstract:As one of the most serious karst collapse areas in Guangzhou City, there are 24 collapse spots at Jinshazhou. The collapse spots mainly distribute on the sides of a high speed rail tunnel with the vertical distance from the tunnel less than 400 m. The formation and development of collapses have close relationship with fragile geologic environment and high-speed rail tunnel construction. According to the survey, NE trending fault is quite developed at Jinshazhou, revealed hole-rate between ranges from 60 % to 76.9 % in concealed limestone, the linear karst-rate is up to 52.58 %, the thickness of the overlying earth on some sections of limestone is less than 15 m. Drainage is strong during the construction of high-speed rail tunnel. The amount of pumping groundwater comes up to 2 000~3 000 m 3 /d, which leads to groundwater table severely fluctuates and results more than 20 collapses. There are no collapse occurred when the tunnel stop pumping. The development characteristics of karst collapse shows that fragile geologic environment is the inherent factor leading to karst collapse at Jinshazhou, while the high-speed rail tunnel pumping is a predisposing factor direct leading to collapse.
keywords:karst collapse  tunnel construction  pumping groundwater  fault structure  causes of collapse
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器


您是第 5776785 位访问者
版权所有《中国岩溶》编辑部
主管单位:中国地质科学院 主办单位:中国地质科学院岩溶地质研究所 地址:广西桂林七星路50号
邮政编码:541004 电话:0773-5812949 7796657 电子邮件:zgyr@mail.cgs.gov.cn

技术支持:北京勤云科技发展有限公司