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喀斯特石漠化地区生态农业与社区旅游系统耦合研究——以清镇羊昌洞为例
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引用本文:邹细霞,杜芳娟,熊康宁.喀斯特石漠化地区生态农业与社区旅游系统耦合研究——以清镇羊昌洞为例[J].中国岩溶,2009,28(4):406-412. ZOU Xi-xia,DU Fang-juan,XIONG Kang-ning.Study on coupling eco-agricultural system with community tourist system in karst rock desertification area — A case in Yangchangdong, Qingzhen[J].Carsologica Sinica,2009,28(4):406-412.
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邹细霞 贵州师范大学中国南方喀斯特研究院 
杜芳娟 贵州师范大学中国南方喀斯特研究院 
熊康宁 贵州师范大学中国南方喀斯特研究院 
基金项目:贵州省“十一五”社会发展攻关项目(黔合同SZ字[2008]3015)、国家“十一五”科技支撑计划项目重大课题 (编号:2006BAC01A09)、贵州师范大学学生科研课题
中文摘要:脆弱的喀斯特石漠化生态系统是制约喀斯特石漠化地区社会经济发展的瓶颈。为加强和巩固石漠化治理成果,需要考虑生态系统与经济系统相互有效耦合的问题。本文以清镇石漠化治理示范区羊昌洞社区为例,根据生态经济学原理和系统理论,结合野外实地考查和入户访谈等方法,分析喀斯特石漠化生态经济系统耦合的过程、途径和机制。研究发现,以石漠化治理为切入点,把旅游开发纳入石漠化治理工程,将石漠化治理形成的人文景观视为旅游资源,并结合生态农业及社区特色资源和条件进行旅游开发,能够使社区生态农业与旅游系统有效耦合。耦合后的系统,可以产生强大的系统功能,对石漠化治理成果巩固、社区居民增收及资源有效利用有积极的促进作用。
中文关键词:石漠化治理  生态农业  生态经济  社区旅游  系统耦合
 
Study on coupling eco-agricultural system with community tourist system in karst rock desertification area — A case in Yangchangdong, Qingzhen
Abstract:The fragile ecosystem in karst rock desertification area restricts heavily socioeconomic development. In order to strengthen and consolidate the management achievement, the problem of coupling the ecologic system with economic system should be considered. In this paper, the Yangchangdong management demonstration area in Qingzhen city is taken as an example to analyze the processes, the ways and the mechanisms of eco-economic system coupling in karst rocky desertification according to eco-economy theory and system theory through field trips and door-to-door interviews. The study find that it enables effective coupling of the eco-agricultural system with the community tourist system by means of taking rocky desertification control as start point, putting tourist development into the rocky desertification control project, considering the rocky desertification control projects as tourist landscape resources, developing both resources in the eco-agricultural system and the community tourist system. After the coupling of the system, the following powerful system function and positive effect can be made: consolidation of the achievements for rocky desertification control project and increase of resident income in the community as well as efficient use of resources.
keywords:rock desertification control  eco-agriculture  eco-economy  community tourism  system coupling
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