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陕西宁强禅家岩天坑群喀斯特地质遗迹特征及成因
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引用本文:任娟刚,洪增林,张静,唐力,刘晓峰,秦臻,王鹏,王研.陕西宁强禅家岩天坑群喀斯特地质遗迹特征及成因[J].中国岩溶,2021,40(3):539-547. REN Juangang,HONG Zenglin,ZHANG Jing,TANG Li,LIU Xiaofeng,QIN Zhen,WANG Peng,WANG Yan.Features of geological relics and genesis of the Chanjiayan Tiankeng group in Ningqiang, Shaanxi Province[J].Carsologica Sinica,2021,40(3):539-547.
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任娟刚 陕西省地质调查院/汉中天坑群国际研究基地 
洪增林 陕西省地质调查院/长安大学地球科学与资源学院/汉中天坑群国际研究基地 
张静 陕西理工大学历史文化与旅游学院 
唐力 陕西省地质调查院/汉中天坑群国际研究基地 
刘晓峰 长安大学地球科学与资源学院 
秦臻 陕西省地质调查院/汉中天坑群国际研究基地 
王鹏 陕西省地质调查院/汉中天坑群国际研究基地 
王研 陕西省地质调查院/汉中天坑群国际研究基地 
基金项目:陕西省教育厅2019年教育薄弱环节改善与能力提升补助项目“天坑群地质遗迹价值与保护利用研究”(2050205-50502);陕西理工大学校级重点项目“秦巴岩溶区全新世环境演化与生态地质评价”(SLGPT2019KF04-06);陕西省土地整治重点实验室资助项目(2019-ZY01)
中文摘要:陕西宁强禅家岩天坑群是汉中天坑群中 4 个相对独立的喀斯特系统之一,位于扬子陆块北缘,发育有多样的地质遗迹。文章通过大量野外勘测,总结出陕西宁强禅家岩天坑群地质遗迹的分布特点,并分析了主要地质遗迹的基本特征及形成原因,以揭示南北过渡带峡谷地貌下喀斯特的形成及演化机理。结果表明:(1)研究区形成了以天坑、台原、溶洞、峡谷以及次生化学沉积物为特色的2大类4类5亚类的地质遗迹;(2)区内喀斯特地貌典型,天坑和溶洞最为发育;(3)受峡谷深切影响,研究区内形成有4个地表喀斯特台原,其均具有相对独立的喀斯特水文地质特征,而天坑和竖井均已进入退化期;(4)在地层、岩性和构造多因素作用下,区内天坑孕育于新构造运动时期。
中文关键词:禅家岩天坑群  地质遗迹  成因分析  陕西宁强
 
Features of geological relics and genesis of the Chanjiayan Tiankeng group in Ningqiang, Shaanxi Province
Abstract:The Tiankeng group in Hanzhong, Shaanxi Province is located in the northernmost of the humid tropics and subtropics between 32°N to 33°N, adjacent to the Hanzhong basin and the Qinling orogenic belt in the north and the central Sichuan uplift belt in the south. It is a unique and typical window karst type with complete karst system, good ecological environment and unique landscape. It is praised as "the great geographical discovery of the 21st century" by National Geography of China. This geologic feature has important scientific values for the comparative analysis of paleogeographic environments and climate change in north and south China and even in the world. The Tiankeng group of Chanjiayan in Ningqiang , Shaanxi Province is one of the four relatively independent karst systems in the Tiankeng group of Hanzhong, which lies in the northern margin of the Yangtze block. Bounded by the Dazhuba-Xinji fault (F1), in the north it belongs to the foreland thrust fold zone of Longmen mountains in Ningqiang; and in the south, it is part of the thrust syncline fold belt with nearly EW-trending Liping fault in the Hannan-Micangshan uplift area, which hosts various geological relics in complex geomorphology. Through a lot of field investigations, this paper sorts out the distribution characteristics of the geological relics and analyzes the basic characteristics and the causes of the main geological relics to reveal the formation and evolution mechanism of karst under the canyon landform in the north-south transitional zone. Results show that, (1) The geological relics of the Tiankeng group in the Chanjiayan area can be classified into 2 major groups, 4 types and 5 sub-types, which are characterized by Tiankeng, platforms, karst caves, canyons and secondary chemical sediments. (2)The karst landform is typical, in which Tiankeng and karst cave developed very well. (3) Affected by deep canyons, there are four surface karst platforms in the study area, all of which have relatively independent karst hydrogeological characteristics, and the Tiankeng and shaft have entered the degradation period. (4)Tiankeng was generated during the Neotectonics under the action of strata, lithology and structure.
keywords:Tiankeng group in Chanjiayan, geological relics, genesis analysis, Ningqiang
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