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云南蒙自断陷盆地石漠化区土壤钙形态特征
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引用本文:张鹏,胡晓农,杨慧,任梦梦,周孟霞,陈梁茵.云南蒙自断陷盆地石漠化区土壤钙形态特征[J].中国岩溶,2020,(3):368-374. ZHANG Peng,HU Xiaonong,YANG Hui,REN Mengmeng,ZHOU Mengxia,CHEN Liangyin.Characteristics of soil calcium forms of rocky desertification areas in the Mengzi fault-depression basin, Yunnan[J].Carsologica Sinica,2020,(3):368-374.
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张鹏 中国地质大学(北京)水资源与环境学院北京 100083/中国地质科学院岩溶地质研究所/自然资源部、广西岩溶动力学重点实验室桂林 541004 
胡晓农 中国地质大学(北京)水资源与环境学院北京 100083 
杨慧 中国地质科学院岩溶地质研究所/自然资源部、广西岩溶动力学重点实验室桂林 541004 
任梦梦 中国地质大学(北京)水资源与环境学院北京 100083/中国地质科学院岩溶地质研究所/自然资源部、广西岩溶动力学重点实验室桂林 541004 
周孟霞 中国地质科学院岩溶地质研究所/自然资源部、广西岩溶动力学重点实验室桂林 541004 
陈梁茵 中国地质科学院岩溶地质研究所/自然资源部、广西岩溶动力学重点实验室桂林 541004 
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0502501);广西自然科学基金(2017GXNSFAA198153)
中文摘要:以云南蒙自断陷盆地区为研究区,沿盆地、坡地到高原面分别采集不同石漠化程度下的土壤,采用连续浸提(BCR)提取方法测定不同形态钙含量,以探讨断陷盆地不同地貌部位不同石漠化程度石灰性土壤钙形态特征及其影响因素。结果表明:研究区土壤中钙以交换态钙含量最多,表明断陷盆地石灰土中钙的生物有效性高,各形态钙的大小顺序为交换态(61.04%)>残渣态(18.53%)>酸溶态(17.44%)>水溶态(1.63%)>有机结合态(1.36%)。地貌部位和石漠化程度对钙形态分布均具有重要影响,地貌部位的影响主要是通过影响温度、降雨等气候条件而影响土壤钙形态含量,而石漠化程度越强的土壤中钙含量尤其是交换态钙含量相对较高,这主要是由于裸露岩石的“聚集效应”造成的。
中文关键词:断陷盆地  地形  石漠化  钙形态
 
Characteristics of soil calcium forms of rocky desertification areas in the Mengzi fault-depression basin, Yunnan
Abstract:Calcium(Ca) is one of the main elements in the karst soil environment. Soil Ca is not only a base ion,which can affect the pH value of soil and the stability of organic carbon, but also has an important impact on the physical stability and water retention performance of soil; thus it is an important indicator of soil quality.The Mongzi fault-depression basin in the eastern Yunnan is one of the most serious rocky desertification areas of our country.It is of great significance to the rocky desertification control and ecological restoration to study the soil Ca forms distribution.This work focused on the soil in different landscapes of the rocky desertification area of the Mongzi basin (basin,slope and plateau). The improved BCR continuous extraction method was used to study the soil Ca forms and influencing factors in the basin.Results show that, (1) In the study area,the soil content of exchangeable Ca is the highest with large bioavailability.The order of all forms of Ca is exchangeable Ca (61.04%)>residual Ca (18.53%)>acid soluble Ca (17.44%)>water soluble Ca (1.63%)> organic bound Ca(1.36%).(2)The degree of rocky desertification has great impact on the morphological distribution of Ca. The higher the degree of rocky desertification,the higher the content of activated Ca, especially exchangeable Ca,which is mainly affected by the "aggregation effect" of exposed rocks.(3)The soil properties of organic carbon and total nitrogen content have significant influence on the Ca form, indicating that the Ca fixation and carbon fixation of lime soil in karst areas are processes of interaction and mutual influence.Therefore,in the process of rocky desertification control in the Mengzi basin,the influence of geological environment should be considered together with the climate factors,and species should be selected properly according to local conditions.All of these measures are of great significances to promote ecological restoration in rocky desertification areas.
keywords:fault-depression basin, landform, rocky desertification, calcium form
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