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重庆涪陵页岩气勘查开发区岩溶水文地质结构研究
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引用本文:朱继良,许模,孙建平,康小兵,史箫笛.重庆涪陵页岩气勘查开发区岩溶水文地质结构研究[J].中国岩溶,2020,(1):1-10. ZHU Jiliang,XU Mo,SUN Jianping,KANG Xiaobing,SHI Xiaodi.Karst hydrogeologic structures of the shale-gas exploration and exploitation area in Fuling, Chongqing[J].Carsologica Sinica,2020,(1):1-10.
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朱继良 中国地质调查局水文地质环境地质调查中心河北 保定 071051 
许模 成都理工大学地质灾害防治与地质环境保护国家重点实验室成都 610059 
孙建平 中国地质调查局水文地质环境地质调查中心河北 保定 071051 
康小兵 成都理工大学地质灾害防治与地质环境保护国家重点实验室成都 610059 
史箫笛 成都理工大学地质灾害防治与地质环境保护国家重点实验室成都 610059 
基金项目:川渝页岩气勘查开发区1∶5万环境地质调查(DD20160253);川渝页岩气勘查开发区典型地段浅层含水系统地下水运移规律研究(DJS-16-1002)
中文摘要:通过对页岩气勘查开发区碳酸盐岩分布特征、岩溶发育规律及岩溶水的赋存与动力循环过程展开研究,采用系统分析法,归纳出平缓单斜型单层、背斜褶曲型多层、向斜褶曲型单层和断裂型四种岩溶水文地质结构,其中平缓单斜型单层和背斜褶曲型多层水文地质结构区岩溶介质类型主要为管道-裂隙型,地下水径流畅通,易导致岩溶水污染。
中文关键词:页岩气  岩溶地区  地下水环境  水文地质结构
 
Karst hydrogeologic structures of the shale-gas exploration and exploitation area in Fuling, Chongqing
Abstract:Influenced by the carbonate facies and karst development degree, the types and characteristics of karst hydrogeological structures are different. Such a structural feature leads to variable pollutants in groundwater. In the shale gas development zone of Sichuan and Chongqing with widespread carbonate, the distribution of groundwater system and its cyclic evolution are more complicated. The identification of karst hydrogeological structure can provide effective guidance for the development and utilization of shale gas, and reduce or even avoid pollution of groundwater by shale gas development. Taking the area of Jiaoshiba-Luoyunba, a typical area of the Fuling shale gas exploration and exploitation zone in Chongqing as an example, this work studies the distribution characteristics of carbonate rocks, the development of karst and the occurrence and dynamic cycle of karst water in the shale gas exploration and exploitation area.Four types of karst aquifers, T1j-T2l, T1d, P2c-P2w and P1y, and the two types of concentrating and dispersing modes, are summarized. The system analysis method is used to extract four karst hydrogeological structures, gentle mono-slope, layered, anticline-folded multi-layer, and fault hydrogeological structures, of which the former two are of a pipeline-crack medium with smooth groundwater runoffs, prone to karst water pollution. In the latter two types of structures, the karst medium is dominated by crack networks with finite depth and extension, thus the distance and range of pollutant migration are small and the pollution capacity is limited.
keywords:shale gas, karst area, groundwater environmental, hydrogeology structure
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