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石笋生长直径的测定及其在古气候重建中的应用

高滨升 胡超涌

高滨升, 胡超涌. 石笋生长直径的测定及其在古气候重建中的应用[J]. 中国岩溶, 2019, 38(3): 353-360.
引用本文: 高滨升, 胡超涌. 石笋生长直径的测定及其在古气候重建中的应用[J]. 中国岩溶, 2019, 38(3): 353-360.
GAO Binsheng, HU Chaoyong. Measurement of a stalagmite diameter and its application for paleoclimate[J]. CARSOLOGICA SINICA, 2019, 38(3): 353-360.
Citation: GAO Binsheng, HU Chaoyong. Measurement of a stalagmite diameter and its application for paleoclimate[J]. CARSOLOGICA SINICA, 2019, 38(3): 353-360.

石笋生长直径的测定及其在古气候重建中的应用

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金重点项目(41731177)

Measurement of a stalagmite diameter and its application for paleoclimate

  • 摘要: 石笋是第四纪陆地气候重建的良好信息载体,对了解过去气候和环境的演变十分重要。中国石笋具有生长相对连续,年代准确,信息丰富等特点,为全球季风及其长期演化提供了不可多得的视窗。基于石笋而开发了一系列气候替代指标,如δ18O、δ13C、微量元素及其同位素组成、有机化合物及其同位素组成、生长速率等,在石笋古气候重建中得到广泛的应用。但是,作为石笋形貌学的基本特征,对石笋的生长直径及其对气候变化的指示意义却鲜有报道。本研究中,作者首先提出一种测定石笋生长直径的方法,然后利用该方法测定了湖北清江和尚洞HS4石笋顶部35 cm的石笋生长直径,并与研究区的气温和洪涝频率记录进行比较,探讨石笋生长直径对气候变化的响应。研究表明,通过纹层的识别和不同深度上纹层宽度的测定而建立的指数回归法较好地表征了石笋的生长直径,适合于一些具有明显纹层的石笋直径测定。HS4石笋的实际生长直径比理论计算值偏小,可能与洞穴结构有关;高的落差增加了岩溶滴水的冲力,水滴飞溅而导致有效水量的损失,即滴水的有效体积减少,石笋直径偏小。与温度相比,降水对石笋直径的影响更加显著,因而石笋直径是一个有效降水的替代指标,有望在石笋古气候的研究中得到应用。

     

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  • 刊出日期:  2019-06-25

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