留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

重庆芙蓉洞滴水现代次生化学沉积物沉积速率与元素特征

黄春霞 李廷勇 韩立银 李俊云 袁娜 王海波 张涛涛 赵鑫

黄春霞, 李廷勇, 韩立银, 李俊云, 袁娜, 王海波, 张涛涛, 赵鑫. 重庆芙蓉洞滴水现代次生化学沉积物沉积速率与元素特征[J]. 中国岩溶, 2015, 34(3): 238-246.
引用本文: 黄春霞, 李廷勇, 韩立银, 李俊云, 袁娜, 王海波, 张涛涛, 赵鑫. 重庆芙蓉洞滴水现代次生化学沉积物沉积速率与元素特征[J]. 中国岩溶, 2015, 34(3): 238-246.
HUANG Chun-xia, LI Ting-yong, HAN Li-yin, LI Jun-yun, YUAN Na, WANG Hai-bo, ZHANG Tao-tao, ZHAO Xin. Deposition rates and element features of active sediments under drip water in Furong cave of Chongqing[J]. CARSOLOGICA SINICA, 2015, 34(3): 238-246.
Citation: HUANG Chun-xia, LI Ting-yong, HAN Li-yin, LI Jun-yun, YUAN Na, WANG Hai-bo, ZHANG Tao-tao, ZHAO Xin. Deposition rates and element features of active sediments under drip water in Furong cave of Chongqing[J]. CARSOLOGICA SINICA, 2015, 34(3): 238-246.

重庆芙蓉洞滴水现代次生化学沉积物沉积速率与元素特征

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(41172165, 41302138, 41440020); 中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(XDJK2013A012, XDJK2014C010); 岩溶动力学重点实验室开放基金资助课题(KDL201301)和西南大学博士基金项目(SWU114022)

Deposition rates and element features of active sediments under drip water in Furong cave of Chongqing

  • 摘要: 为了探讨芙蓉洞现代沉积物沉积速率和微量元素 (Mg,Sr) 的变化特征、控制机制以及气候环境指示意义,于2010年11月到2013年11月对芙蓉洞5个滴水点进行连续现场监测,并采集现代沉积物样品进行沉积速率计算和微量元素测定。结果显示:(1) 芙蓉洞5个滴水点的现代沉积物沉积速率与滴量、pH、Ca2+浓度以及PCO2等指标的关系表现出多样性。 其中MP4和MP5的沉积速率均与滴量呈正相关 (r=0.75, n=11, p<0.01; r=0.63, n=11, p<0.05),两个滴水点的沉积速率整体表现出雨季高、旱季低的变化规律,表明MP4和 MP5的沉积作用主要发生在雨季,其沉积速率的变化可以对季节性干湿度变化做出响应。(2) 2012-2013年年降水量明显增加,在稀释作用、水岩作用以及植物对元素差异性吸收作用的影响下,各滴水点现代沉积物整体呈现出Mg浓度减小而Sr浓度增大的趋势,Mg/Ca和Sr/Ca比值呈反相关关系,它们响应了年际尺度上降水量增加的气候信息。

     

  • [1] Dorale J A, Edwards R L, Ito E, et al. Climate and vegetation history of the midcontinent from 75 to 25 ka: A speleothem record from Crevice cave, Missouri, USA[J]. Science, 1998, 282: 1871-1874.
    [2] Fleitmann D, Burns S J, Mudelsee M. Holocene forcing of the Indian monsoon recorded in a stalagmite from southern Oman[J]. Science, 2003, 300: 1737-1739.
    [3] Cheng H, Zhang P Z, Sp?tl C, et al. The climatic cyclicity in semiarid-arid central Asia over the past 500,000 years[J]. Geophysical Research Letters, 2012, 39, 1, DOI: 10. 1029/2011 GL050202.
    [4] Li H C, Lee Z H, Wan N J, et al. The δ18O and δ13C records in an aragonite stalagmite from Furong Cave, Chongqing, China: A-2000-year record of monsoonal climate[J]. Journal of Asian Earth Science, 2011, 40: 112-113.
    [5] Li T Y, Shen C C, Huang L J, et al. Stalagmite-inferred variability of the Asian summer monsoon during the penultimate glacial–interglacial period[J]. Climate of the Past, 2014, 10: 1211-1219.
    [6] Mather B A,Thompson R. Oxgen isotopes from Chinese caves:records not of monsoon rainfall but of circulation regime[J].Quaternary Science Reviews,2012,27:615-624.
    [7] 李廷勇, 袁道先, 李红春, 等. 重庆新崖洞XY2石笋δ18O记录的57~70 ka BP古气候变化及其对D-O和H事件的反映[J]. 中国科学(D辑), 2007, 37(6): 798-803.
    [8] 林玉石, 张美良, 覃嘉铭. 洞穴石笋沉积速率研究中值得注意的几个问题[J]. 中国岩溶, 2001, 20(2): 131-135.
    [9] Baker A, Asrat A, Fairchild I J, et al. Analysis of the climate signal contained within δ18O and growth rate parameters in two Ethiopian stalagmites[J]. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 2007, 71: 2975-2988.
    [10] Liu Y H, Henderson G M, Hu C Y, et al. Links between the East Asian monsoon and North Atlantic climate during the 8,200 year event[J]. Nature Geoscience, 2013, 6: 117-120.
    [11] Johnson K R, Hu C, Belshaw N S, et al. Seasonal trace element and stable isotope variations in a Chinese speleothem: The potential for high resolution paleomonsoon reconstruction[J]. Earth Planet Science Letters, 2006, 244: 394-407.
    [12] Tremaine D M, Froelich P N. Speleothem trace element signatures: A hydrologic geochemical study of modern cave dripwaters and farmed calcite[J]. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 2013, 121(15): 525-545.
    [13] Baldini J U L, Mc Dermott F, Hoffmann D L, et al. Very highfrequency and seasonal cave atmosphere PCO2 variability: Implications for stalagmite growth and oxygen isotope-based paleoclimate records[J]. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2008, 272: 118-129.
    [14] 张美良, 朱晓燕, 李涛, 等. 桂林现代洞穴碳酸盐—石笋的沉积速率及其环境意义[J]. 海洋地质与第四纪地质, 2011, 31(1): 126-134.
    [15] 林玉石, 张美良, 覃嘉铭. 再论石笋的沉积速率研究[J]. 地质评论, 2005, 51(4): 435-441.
    [16] 张美良, 朱晓燕, 林玉石, 等. 洞穴滴(流)水的沉积和滴水的溶蚀-侵蚀作用[J]. 中国岩溶, 2007, 26(4): 326-333.
    [17] Tan M, Qin X G, Liu D S. Interannual, decadal and centennial scale climatic changes revealed by stalagmite records [J]. Science in China(D), 1998, 28(3): 272-277.
    [18] Genty D, Baker A, Vokal B. Intra- and inter-annual growth rate of modern stalagmites[J]. Chemical Geology, 2001, 176: 191-212.
    [19] Cai B G, Zhu J, Ban F M, et al. Intra-annual variation of the calcite deposition rate of drip water in Shihua Cave, Beijing, China and its implications for paleoclimatic reconstructions [J], Boreas, 2011, 40(3): 525-535.
    [20] 刘再华, Dreybrodt W. 方解石沉积速率控制的物理化学机制及其古环境重建意义[J]. 中国岩溶, 2002, 21(4): 252-258.
    [21] Treble P, Shelley J M G, Chappell J. Comparison of high resolution sub-annual records of trace elements in a modern (1911-1992) speleothem with instrumental climate data from southwest Australia[J]. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2003, 216: 141-153.
    [22] 王新中, 班凤梅, 潘根兴, 等. 洞穴滴水地球化学的空间和时间变化及其控制因素:以北京石花洞为例[J]. 第四纪研究, 2005, 25(2): 258-264.
    [23] Li T Y, Shen C C, Li H C, et al. Oxygen and carbon isotopic systematics of aragonite speleothems and water in Furong Cave, Chongqing, China[J]. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 2011, 75: 4140-4156.
    [24] 衣成城, 李廷勇, 李俊云, 等. 芙蓉洞洞穴离子浓度和元素比值变化特征及其环境意义[J]. 中国岩溶, 2011, 30(2): 99-103.
    [25] 李俊云, 李廷勇, 王建力, 等. 重庆芙蓉洞土壤带Mg和Sr元素特征及其环境意义[J]. 中国科学: 地球科学, 2013, 43(10): 1667-1676.
    [26] 李廷勇, 李红春, 李俊云, 等. 重庆芙蓉洞洞穴沉积物δ13C、δ18O 特征及意义[J]. 地质论评, 2008, 54: 712-720.
    [27] 叶明阳, 李廷勇, 王建力, 等. 芙蓉洞洞穴水Ca2+, Mg2+ 浓度变化对气候事件的响应[J].水土保持学报, 2009, 23(3): 82-86.
    [28] 朱学稳. 芙蓉洞的次生化学沉积物[J]. 中国岩溶, 1994, 12(4): 357-368.
    [29] 陈伟海, 朱徳浩, 黄保健. 重庆武隆岩溶地质公园地质遗迹特征, 形成与评价[M]. 北京:地质出版社, 2004, 1-3.
    [30] 叶明阳, 李廷勇, 王建力, 等. 芙蓉洞次生碳酸盐沉积特征及与降水的关系研究[J]. 沉积学报, 2009, 27(4): 685-690.
    [31] Sp?tl C, Fairchild I J, Tooth A F. Cave air control on dripwater geochemistry, Obir Caves (Austria): Implications for speleothem deposition in dynamically ventilated caves[J]. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 2005, 69: 245-248.
    [32] Scholz D, Muhlinghaus C, Mangini A. Modelling δ13C and δ18O in the solution layer on stalagmite surfaces[J]. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 2009, 73: 2592–2602.
    [33] 李红春, 顾德隆, Lowell D S, 等. 高分辨率洞穴石笋稳定同位素应用之一—京津地区500 a来的气候变化δ18O记录[J]. 中国科学(D辑), 1998, 28(2): 181-186.
    [34] 刘再华, Chris Groves, 袁道先, 等. 水-岩-气相互作用引起的水化学动态变化研究[J]. 水文地质工程地质. 2003, (4):13-18.
    [35] 向晓晶, 李廷勇, 王建力, 等. 重庆芙蓉洞上覆基岩、土壤元素分布特征及其对洞穴滴水水化学影响[J]. 中国岩溶, 2011, 30: 193-199.
    [36] 郑立娜,周厚云,朱照宇,洞穴次生碳酸盐沉积的Mg/Ca与Sr/Ca比值研究进展:兼论洞穴次生沉积物Mg /Ca与Sr /Ca的影响机制,中国岩溶,2010, 29(2): 213-218.
    [37] Fairchild I J, Treble P C. Trace elements in speleothems as recorders of environmental change[J]. Quaternary Science Reviews, 2009, 28: 449-469.
    [38] 周厚云, 王悦, 黄柳苑, 等.氧同位素阶段5c-d时期川东北石笋Mg, Sr和Ba记录及其意义[J]. 科学通报, 2011, 56(33): 2791-2796.
    [39] Gaseoyne M. Trance element partition coefficients in the calcite-water system and their Paleoclimatic significance in cave studies[J]. Journal of Hydrology, 1983, 61(1): 213-222.
    [40] Mucci A. Influence of temperature on the composition of magnesium calcite overgrwths precipitated from sea water[J]. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 1987, 51: 1977-1984.
    [41] Lorens R B. Sr, Cd, Mn and Co distribution coefficients in calcite as a function of calcite precipitation rate[J]. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 1981, 45: 553-561.
    [42] Fairchild I J, Borsato A, Tooth A F, et al. Controls on trace element (Sr-Mg) compositions of carbonate cave waters: Implications for speleothem climatic records[J]. Chemical Geology, 2000, 166: 255-269.
    [43] Veizer J. Chemical diagenesis of carbonates: Theory and application of trace element technique[J]. In: Arthur M A, ed. Stable Isotopes in Sedimentary Geology. SEPM Short Course, 1983, 10: 1-100.
    [44] 王云, 魏复盛, 杨国治, 等. 土壤环境元素化学[M]. 北京: 中国环境科学出版社, 1995:371-379.
    [45] 赵振华. 微量元素地球化学原理[M]. 北京:科学出版社, 1997:183-185.
    [46] 刘英俊, 曹励明, 李兆麟, 等. 元素地球化学[M]. 北京: 科学出版社, 1984:360-366.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1284
  • HTML浏览量:  82
  • PDF下载量:  1916
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 刊出日期:  2015-06-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回