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滇东南南洞地下河系统源区洞穴特征及其成因演化机制

潘玉峰 吴建标 李社宏 潘明

潘玉峰,吴建标,李社宏,等.滇东南南洞地下河系统源区洞穴特征及其成因演化机制[J].中国岩溶,2022,41(1):133-142. doi: 10.11932/karst20220107
引用本文: 潘玉峰,吴建标,李社宏,等.滇东南南洞地下河系统源区洞穴特征及其成因演化机制[J].中国岩溶,2022,41(1):133-142. doi: 10.11932/karst20220107
PAN Yufeng,WU Jianbiao,LI Shehong,et al.Cave characteristics and its genesis and evolution in the source area of Nandong underground river system in Nandong area, Southeast Yunnan[J].Carsologica Sinica,2022,41(01):133-142. doi: 10.11932/karst20220107
Citation: PAN Yufeng,WU Jianbiao,LI Shehong,et al.Cave characteristics and its genesis and evolution in the source area of Nandong underground river system in Nandong area, Southeast Yunnan[J].Carsologica Sinica,2022,41(01):133-142. doi: 10.11932/karst20220107

滇东南南洞地下河系统源区洞穴特征及其成因演化机制

doi: 10.11932/karst20220107
基金项目: 

广西自然科学基金项目 2018GXNSFAA281260

中国地质调查局地质调查项目 DD20190022

详细信息
    作者简介:

    潘玉峰(1992-),男,工程师,从事岩溶地质调查和地质矿产勘查等工作。E-mail: 312653135@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    吴建标(1992-),男,博士研究生,从事成矿动力学、矿床学和地质矿产调查等科研工作。E-mail: 695162978@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: P931.5

Cave characteristics and its genesis and evolution in the source area of Nandong underground river system in Nandong area, Southeast Yunnan

Funds: 

 2018GXNSFAA281260

 DD20190022

  • 摘要: 滇东南岩溶地貌发育,岩溶洞穴是该区典型空洞体系。文章以滇东南南洞地下河系统源区典型岩溶洞穴为研究对象,基于地学理论和地球化学分析,对该区地貌特征、成因及演化机制开展科学研究。研究表明,NW向的张性断裂、区内可溶部分最高个旧组碳酸盐岩以及杨柳河向西流动的水动力作用是南洞地下河系统源区洞穴发育的主要成因;全新世中期6 kaBP以来,该地区洞穴演化过程经历了三个阶段,其中,主体形成时间为6~4 kaBP;此外,建立石洞洞穴与地下河发育模式。本次研究对南洞地区地下水资源评价具有实际意义。

     

  • 图  1  南洞地下河系统水文地质图[7]

    Figure  1.  Hydrogeological map of Nandong underground river system[7]

    图  2  石洞洞穴三相图

    Figure  2.  Three-phase diagram of Shidong cave

    图  3  石洞洞穴三相图

    Figure  3.  Three-phase diagram of Shidong cave

    图  4  石洞岩溶水系统模型

    Figure  4.  Karst water system model of Shidong cave

    表  1  可溶碳酸盐岩地层主要化学组分及基本特征

    Table  1.   Main chemical components and basic characteristics of soluble carbonate strata

    地层代号出露面积/m3岩性CaO/10-2MgO/10-2SiO2/10-2Al2O3/10-2TFe2O3/10-2烧失量/%CMO/RO
    T2g372.53白云质灰岩54.60.2850.2150.10.08544.35248.1
    T2g2122.01灰岩54.80.270.210.070.0344.1319.9
    T2g1114.38白云质灰岩53.41.30.60.30.143.998.6
    T1y399.98灰岩50.90.694.681.4150.8541.113.4
    T1y21.82灰岩49.20.675.461.600.9040.511.4
    P14.82灰岩48.000.6210.500.190.3439.68.0
    C317.78灰岩53.731.270.100.070.1044.53368.6
    C219.24灰岩54.400.980.200.150.1644.15195.2
    C136.84灰岩55.20.30.40.10.144.2166.2
    D2d96.23白云质灰岩471.028.933.230.9638.16.6
    D1p112.6灰岩38.21.323.02.82.131.92.6
    Є 33.93灰岩52.21.01.60.60.443.837.3
    Є 2s92.65白云岩20.4515.1723.104.751.1532.802.4
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-05-20
  • 刊出日期:  2022-02-25

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