留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

龙门县某石灰岩采石场帷幕止水工程及注浆效果评价

汤振 蒋小珍 陈立根 雷明堂 马骁 吴晟堂

汤 振,蒋小珍,陈立根,等.龙门县某石灰岩采石场帷幕止水工程及注浆效果评价[J].中国岩溶,2022,41(1):47-58. doi: 10.11932/karst20220102
引用本文: 汤 振,蒋小珍,陈立根,等.龙门县某石灰岩采石场帷幕止水工程及注浆效果评价[J].中国岩溶,2022,41(1):47-58. doi: 10.11932/karst20220102
TANG Zhen,JIANG Xiaozhen,CHEN Ligen,et al.Groundwater sealing by grouting curtain technique and its grouting effect evaluation of a limestone quarry in Longmen county[J].Carsologica Sinica,2022,41(01):47-58. doi: 10.11932/karst20220102
Citation: TANG Zhen,JIANG Xiaozhen,CHEN Ligen,et al.Groundwater sealing by grouting curtain technique and its grouting effect evaluation of a limestone quarry in Longmen county[J].Carsologica Sinica,2022,41(01):47-58. doi: 10.11932/karst20220102

龙门县某石灰岩采石场帷幕止水工程及注浆效果评价

doi: 10.11932/karst20220102
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金 42077273

中国地质调查局项目 DD20190266

详细信息
    作者简介:

    汤振(1994-),男,博士研究生,主要从事岩溶地质灾害防治研究。E-mail:571666129@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: TV543

Groundwater sealing by grouting curtain technique and its grouting effect evaluation of a limestone quarry in Longmen county

Funds: 

 42077273

 DD20190266

  • 摘要: 龙门县石灰岩储量丰富,是广东省最大水泥生产基地之一。采石产业带动当地经济快速发展的同时产生了一系列环境地质问题。某石灰岩采石场前期对矿区环境地质条件研究程度不足,在开采过程中意外揭穿断裂F1控制的岩溶导水裂隙带,北侧地下水向采坑排泄,涌水量约3 000 m3 d-1。随着地下水位的下降,矿区北部陆续产生17处岩溶塌陷,引起多座房屋开裂,对当地居民的生产生活安全造成威胁。文章基于地面岩溶水文地质调查,运用地球物理勘探和钻探等方法,探明该区域地下岩溶发育分布特征,制定帷幕止水方案,并采用综合检测方法(高密度电阻率法、钻孔抽芯、压水试验和地下水位动态监测)对帷幕的注浆效果进行评价。帷幕两侧地下水位动态监测可以综合反映止水效果及其随时间的变化,建议保留监测设备,继续做好监测工作。检测结果表明,浆液基本完成对帷幕轴线方向上溶洞、岩溶管道、裂隙的填充,帷幕两侧形成稳定的水位差,涌水点的流量明显减小,帷幕的止水效果显著。

     

  • 图  1  综合水文地质图

    Figure  1.  Comprehensive hydrogeological map

    图  2  A-A′水文地质剖面

    Figure  2.  Hydrogeological profile of A-A′

    图  4  止水帷幕剖面

    Figure  4.  Geological section of the curtain

    图  5  帷幕注浆效果检测工作布置图

    Figure  5.  Layout of curtain grouting effect detection

    a.  注浆前高密度电法视电阻率剖面

    b.  注浆后高密度电法视电阻率剖面

    图  7  检查孔岩芯照片

    Figure  7.  Core photos of verification borehole

    图  8  帷幕两侧地下水位监测曲线

    Figure  8.  Monitoring curves of groundwater level on both sides of curtain

    表  1  检查孔与邻近注浆孔渗透性对比表

    Table  1.   Comparisons of permeability between the detection hole and adjacent grouting hole

    检查孔 试验段埋深/m 透水率/Lu 加权平均透水率/Lu 相邻注浆孔(注浆前) 试验段埋深/m 透水率/Lu 加权平均透水率/Lu
    JCK1 29.00~60.00 2.445 2.170 K19 20.50~40.00 61.939 20.114
    40.00~52.30 30.700
    60.00~80.00 2.534 52.30~60.50 43.089
    59.00~82.00 11.008
    80.00~100.00 2.303 82.00~110.00 2.770
    112.00~137.03 3.632
    100.00~120.00 1.940 K20 29.60~45.00 128.563 25.847
    45.00~80.00 17.841
    120.00~142.95 1.567 80.00~100.00 8.436
    100.00~138.97 1.383
    JCK2 32.00~60.00 1.717 1.481 K23 40.00~47.20 17.845 6.980
    47.20~63.00 21.408
    60.00~80.00 1.905 63.00~71.00 6.262
    71.00~100.00 2.936
    80.00~100.00 1.933 100.00~120.00 2.739
    120.00~140.74 2.238
    100.00~120.00 1.722 K24 40.00~59.00 19.390 5.175
    59.00~76.00 2.757
    120.00~140.74 0.783 76.00~100.00 4.190
    100.00~141.67 0.247
    JCK3 29.60~47.00 4.814 2.643 K30 25.00~45.00 29.450 8.915
    45.00~60.00 2.817
    47.00~67.00 3.962 60.00~91.00 0.878
    90.00~120.20 14.309
    67.00~87.00 2.178 120.00~149.77 0.729
    K31 32.70~60.00 3.457 3.637
    87.00~107.00 2.710 60.00~91.00 1.239
    91.00~106.00 12.024
    107.00~125.83 0.722 102.00~126.13 1.104
    下载: 导出CSV
  • FooseR M. Ground-water behavior in the Hershey Valley, Pennsylvania[J]. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 1953, 64(6): 623-645.
    KathR L , MccleanA T , SullivanW R. Engineering impacts of karst: three engineering case studies in Cambrian and Ordovician carbonates of the Valley and Ridge Province[J]. International Journal of Rock Mechanics & Mining Science & Geomechanics Abstracts, 1996, 33(2):85A.
    StrumS, Topographic and hydrogeologic controls on sinkhole formation associated with quarry dewatering. In: Beck, B E, Pettit, A J, Herring, G J(Eds.), Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology of Sinkholes and Karst, Proceedings of the Seventh Multidisciplinary Conference on Sinkholes and the Engineering and Environmental Impacts of Karst, Harrisburg-Hershey Pennsylvania, 10-14 April, 1999. Balkema, Rotterdam.
    MaciolekD M. Grouting Program to Stop Water Flow through Karstic Limestone: A Major Case History[C]// 10th Multidisciplinary Conference on Sinkholes and the Engineering and Environmental Impacts of Karst,2005.
    BrunettiE , JonesJ P , PetittaM. Assessing the impact of large-scale dewatering on fault-controlled aquifer systems: a case study in the Acque Albule basin (Tivoli, central Italy)[J]. Hydrogeology Journal, 2013, 21(2):401-423.
    骆荣, 郑小战, 易顺民. 广州花都区赤坭镇岩溶地面塌陷地质灾害现状及防治对策[J]. 中国地质灾害与防治学报, 2012, 23(1): 72-75.

    LUORong, ZHENGXiaozhan, YIShunmin. Current situation and prevention of karst surface-collapse geological disaster in Guangzhou Huadu district [J]. The Chinese Journal of Geological Hazard and Control, 2012, 23(1): 72-75.
    尹欧, 何阳, 阮岳军, 杨帆,姚海鹏,彭祖武. 长沙市岳麓区军营村岩溶塌陷形成机理分析研究[J]. 山西建筑, 2014, 40(25): 55-57.

    YINOu, HEYang, RUANYuejun, YANGFan,YAOHaipeng, PENGZuwu. Analysis and research on karst collapse formation mechanism in Junying District of Changsha Yuelu Village[J]. Shanxi Architecture, 2014, 40(25): 55-57.
    李天雨. 凹陷采坑岩溶水防治研究:以华润平南河景石灰石矿山为例[D]. 南宁:广西大学, 2016.

    LITianyu. The Research on the Karstic Water Control of Depression Pits [D]. Nanning:Guangxi University, 2016.
    陈祺. 凹陷开采石灰岩矿引发岩溶塌陷的防治浅论[J]. 世界有色金属, 2018(2): 288-289.

    CHEN Qi,Prevention and control of karst collapse caused by limestone mining in the depression [J]. World Nonferrous Metals, 2018(2): 288-289.
    BurstonM R, MemonB A, GreenD S. Reducing Conduit Water Flow into a Quarry in North-Central Alabama: A Case Study[C] // Multidisciplinary Conference on Sinkholes & the Engineering & Environmental Impacts of Karst,2008: 640-647.
    郭强, 涂顺祖, 邵明静, 李国栋. 露天凹陷矿山涌水治理对策与分析[J]. 中国水泥, 2015(12): 90-92.

    GUOQiang, TUShunzu, SHAOMingjing, LIGuodong. Countermeasures and analysis of water inrush control in open pit depression mines [J]. China Cement, 2015(12): 90-92.
    韩伟伟, 李术才, 张庆松, 张霄,刘人太,张伟杰. 矿山帷幕薄弱区综合分析方法研究[J]. 岩石力学与工程学报, 2013, 32(3): 512-519.

    HANWeiwei, LIShucai, ZHANGQingsong, ZHANGXiao,LIURentai,ZHANGWeijie. A comprehensive analysis method for searching weak zones of grouting curtain in mines [J]. Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, 2013, 32(3): 512-519.
    孙子正. 矿山阻水帷幕薄弱带综合分析方法与治理技术[D].济南:山东大学,2012.

    SHUNZizheng. Integrated Analytical Method with Weakzone of Mine Water Stop Curtain and Its Treatment Technology [D]. Jinan:Shandong University, 2012.
    刘人太, 李术才, 张庆松, 张霄,葛颜慧,韩伟伟. 岩溶裂隙水探查方法优化与工程治理研究[J]. 岩土力学, 2011, 32(4): 1095-1100,1107.

    LIURentai, LIShucai, ZHANGQingsong, ZHANGXiao, GEYanhui, HANWeiwei. Research on optimization of karst fissure water exploration methods and engineering countermeasures[J].Rock and Soil Mechanics,2011,32(4):1095-1100,1107.
    高学通. 高防渗性能复合材料帷幕注浆方案及渗透性检测方法[J]. 现代矿业, 2020, 36(11): 223-225.

    GAOXuetong. High Impermeability Composite Curtain Grouting Scheme and Permeability Detection Method [J]. Modern Mining, 2020, 36(11): 223-225.
    王军. 岩溶矿床帷幕注浆截流新技术[J]. 矿业研究与开发, 2006 (S1): 151-153.

    WANGJun. A New Technology of Groundwater Flow Cut-Off by Grout Curtain for Karst Mineral Deposit [J]. Mining Research and Development, 2006 (S1): 151-153.
    孙克国, 李术才, 许炜萍, 龚伦. 岩溶管道涌水的注浆防控技术研究[J]. 现代隧道技术, 2015, 52(5): 178-183.

    SUNKeguo,LIShucai, XUWeiping, GONGLun.On Grouting Techniques for Preventing Water Inflows in Karst Tunnels[J].Modern Tunnelling Technology,2015,52(5):178-183.
    杨柱, 赵恰, 黄炳仁. 矿山帷幕强动水通道注浆控制技术及工程应用[J]. 矿业研究与开发, 2020, 40(12): 117-121.

    YANGZhu, ZHAOQia, HUANGBingren. Grouting Control Technology and Engineering Application of Strong Dynamic Channel of Mine Curtain [J]. Mining Research and Development, 2020, 40(12): 117-121.
    杨全,高广峰,韩贵雷,姚慧敏.矿山帷幕注浆特殊地层施工工艺研究[J].探矿工程(岩土钻掘工程),2010,37(11):67-69.

    YANGQuan, GAOGuangfeng, HANGuilei, YAOHuimin. Study on Construction Technology of Mine Curtain Grouting for Cave Formation [J]. Exploration Engineering (Rock & Soil Drilling and Tunneling), 2010, 37(11): 67-69.
    姚光华, 陈正华, 向喜琼. 岩溶山区采煤条件下隔水层破坏及地表水入渗特征研究[J]. 水文地质工程地质, 2012, 39(5): 16-20.

    YAOGuanghua, CHENZhenghua, XIANGXiqiong. Characteristics of damage of confining beds and surface water infiltration under mining conditions in karst mountains [J]. Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology, 2012, 39(5): 16-20.
    魏海民, 李星, 孙帮涛, 周胜, 牛杰. 地球物理方法在帷幕注浆治水中的探测分析[J]. 物探与化探, 2021, 45(1): 245-251.

    WEIHaimin, LIXing, SUNBangtao, ZHOUSheng,NIUJie. Exploration and analysis of geophysical methods in curtain grouting water control [J]. Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, 2021, 45(1): 245-251.
    陈静, 王军. 岩溶矿区帷幕注浆截流效果的抽水试验法评价[J]. 采矿技术, 2008, 8(6): 53-54,67.

    CHENJing, WANGJun. Evaluation of curtain grouting effect in Karst mining area by pumping test method [J]. Mining Technology, 2008, 8(6): 53-54,67.
    祝世平, 王伏春, 曾夏生. 大红山矿帷幕注浆治水工程及其评价[J]. 金属矿山, 2007(9): 79-83,93.

    ZHUShiping, WANGFuchun, ZENGXiasheng. Groundwater Blockage by Grouting Curtain in Dahongshan Mine and Its Evaluation [J]. Metal Mine, 2007(9): 79-83,93.
    蒋小珍, 雷明堂, 管振德. 岩溶塌陷灾害的水动力条件危险性评价指标:以广西贵港青云村为例[J]. 地下空间与工程学报, 2012, 8(6): 1316-1321.

    JIANGXiaozhen, LEIMingtang, GUANZhende. Characterization Criteria of Karst Collapse Hazard on Groundwater Fluctuations in Qingyun Village, Guigang, Guangxi, China [J]. Chinese Journal of Underground Space and Engineering, 2012, 8(6): 1316-1321.
    刘嘉,严琴芳. 隧道帷幕注浆工程注浆效果评估方法应用[J]. 交通建设与管理,2014, (22):213-215.

    LIUJia, YANQinfang. Application of grouting effect evaluation method in tunnel curtain grouting project [J]. Transportation Construction & Management, 2014, (22):213-215.
    蒋小珍,雷明堂,管振德. 湖南宁乡大成桥充水矿山疏干区岩溶系统水气压力监测及突变特征[J]. 中国岩溶, 2016, 35(2): 179-189.

    JIANGXiaozhen, LEIMingtang, GUANZhende. Character of water or barometric pressure jump within karst conduit in large strong drainage area of karst water filling mine in Dachengqiao, Ningxiang, Hunan [J]. Carsologica Sinica, 2016, 35(2): 179-189.
    蒋小珍, 雷明堂. 岩溶塌陷灾害的岩溶地下水气压力监测技术及应用[J]. 中国岩溶,2018, 37(5): 786-791.

    JIANGXiaozhen, LEIMingtang. Monitoring technique and its application of karst groundwater-air pressure in karst collapse [J]. Carsologica Sinica, 2018, 37(5): 786-791.
    王伏春, 刘源, 乐应. 强岩溶地区动水注浆技术探讨[J]. 探矿工程(岩土钻掘工程),2014(2): 78-81.

    WANGFuchun, LIUYuan, YUEYing. Discussion on Dynamic Water Grouting Technique in Strong Karst Area [J]. Exploration Engineering(Rock & Soil Drilling and Tunneling), 2014(2): 78-81.
  • 加载中
图(12) / 表(1)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  39
  • HTML浏览量:  26
  • PDF下载量:  7
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-02-17
  • 刊出日期:  2022-02-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回

    温馨提示

    《中国岩溶》新采编系统已上线。即日起,新稿件都需采用新采编系统投稿。原采编系统已受理的投稿,审稿流程仍在原采编系统中完成。

    老用户在登录新系统时,如果密码不正确,需要点击下面的找回密码,重置一个新密码,方可登录进系统。

    《中国岩溶》原网站地址:http://zgyr-ov.karst.ac.cn/

    《中国岩溶》编辑部
    2022年4月20日