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晋祠泉域岩溶水生态系统健康评价
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引用本文:陆帅帅,郑秀清,李旭强,陈军锋,张永波,臧红飞.晋祠泉域岩溶水生态系统健康评价[J].中国岩溶,2020,(1):34-41. LU Shuaishuai,ZHENG Xiuqing,LI Xuqiang,CHEN Junfeng,ZHANG Yongbo,ZANG Hongfei.Health assessment of karst groundwater ecosystem of Jinci spring area[J].Carsologica Sinica,2020,(1):34-41.
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作者单位
陆帅帅 太原理工大学水利科学与工程学院太原 030024 
郑秀清 太原理工大学水利科学与工程学院太原 030024 
李旭强 太原理工大学水利科学与工程学院太原 030024 
陈军锋 太原理工大学水利科学与工程学院太原 030024 
张永波 太原理工大学水利科学与工程学院太原 030024 
臧红飞 华北水利水电大学水利学院郑州 450046 
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41572221)
中文摘要:文章尝试性地提出岩溶水生态系统的概念,从系统的特征、功能和面临的威胁三方面论述了其内涵,基于驱动力—压力—状态—影响—响应(DPSIR)模型,综合考虑自然因素和人类活动叠加影响,构建了岩溶水生态系统健康评价指标体系;用层次分析法(AHP)确定指标权重,用综合评价法确定岩溶水生态系统所处健康状态,并将其分为很健康、健康、亚健康、不健康和病态五级。并以晋祠泉域为例,采用ArcGIS空间分析技术确定岩溶水生态系统健康评价等级。结果表明: 泉域煤矿开采区处于不健康状态,东部平原区和中部径流区均处于亚健康状态,碳酸盐岩裸露区和汾河周边区域处于健康状态,分别占晋祠泉域总面积的29%、31%和40%。
中文关键词:晋祠泉域  岩溶水生态系统  AHP  ArcGIS  健康评价
 
Health assessment of karst groundwater ecosystem of Jinci spring area
Abstract:The concept of karst groundwater ecosystem was proposed, and its characteristics, functions and threats were discussed in this paper. The karst groundwater ecosystem health assessment index system was constructed under the superposition of natural and human factors based on the driving force-pressure-state-impact-response (DPSIR) model. The analytic hierarchy process (AHP) was used to determine the index weights. The health status of karst groundwater ecosystem was determined by the comprehensive assessment method, which was divided into five levels, very healthy, healthy, sub-healthy, unhealthy and diseased. Taking the Jinci spring area as an example, the spatial analysis technique of ArcGIS is used to analyse the health assessment grade of karst groundwater ecosystem. The results show that the coal mining area in the spring area is in an unhealthy state, the eastern plain area and the central runoff area are in a sub-healthy state, the carbonate exposed area and the surrounding area of Fenhe river are in a healthy state, accounting for 29%, 31% and 40% of the total area of Jinci spring area, respectively.
keywords:Jinci spring area, karst groundwater ecosystem, AHP, ArcGIS, health assessment
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