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喀斯特溶槽岩-土界面优势流及其对土壤水分动态的影响
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引用本文:王甲荣,陈 喜,张志才,张润润,朱 彪,龚轶芳,刘 皓,袁瞬飞.喀斯特溶槽岩-土界面优势流及其对土壤水分动态的影响[J].中国岩溶,2019,(1):109-116. WANG Jiarong,CHEN Xi,ZHANG Zhicai,ZHANG Runrun,ZHU Biao,GONG Yifang,LIU Hao,YUAN Shunfei.Preference flow at rock-soil interface and its influence on soil water dynamics in the karst troughs[J].Carsologica Sinica,2019,(1):109-116.
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王甲荣 河海大学水文水资源与水利工程科学国家重点实验室/水文水资源学院,南京 210098 
陈 喜 河海大学水文水资源与水利工程科学国家重点实验室/水文水资源学院,南京 210098 
张志才 河海大学水文水资源与水利工程科学国家重点实验室/水文水资源学院,南京 210098 
张润润 河海大学水文水资源与水利工程科学国家重点实验室/水文水资源学院,南京 210098 
朱 彪 河海大学水文水资源与水利工程科学国家重点实验室/水文水资源学院,南京 210098 
龚轶芳 河海大学水文水资源与水利工程科学国家重点实验室/水文水资源学院,南京 210098 
刘 皓 河海大学水文水资源与水利工程科学国家重点实验室/水文水资源学院,南京 210098 
袁瞬飞 河海大学水文水资源与水利工程科学国家重点实验室/水文水资源学院,南京 210098 
基金项目:国家自然科学基金委员会重大国际合作研究计划项目(41571130071);国家自然科学基金(41701016)
中文摘要:通过对两个典型溶槽剖面的野外入渗实验,结合对入渗锋面的红外成像和染色示踪,分析溶槽中土壤湿润锋运移受岩—土界面优势流、初始水分状态(干湿程度和不均匀分布)及植被根系的影响程度。其结果表明:岩—土界面优势流增加入渗锋面到达处的土壤含水率是溶槽中部的1.1~14.5倍,但岩—土界面优势流形成的侧向水势梯度可降低优势流锋面下移;初始入渗中表土湿润锋运移主要受植被根系大孔隙优势流的影响,岩—土界面优势流作用不显著,但随着入渗深度的加大,岩—土界面优势流侧向弥散对湿润锋运移和土壤水分的影响加强。
中文关键词:岩-土界面  入渗  喀斯特  热像仪  染色示踪
 
Preference flow at rock-soil interface and its influence on soil water dynamics in the karst troughs
Abstract:Karst grike and troughs are widely developed in epi-karst zone, in which the soil water and fissure water are important sources for vegetation. The preferential flow through rock-soil(R-S) interface and plant roots are important sources of groundwater recharge. In this paper, two typical fresh limestone karst trough profiles (A and B) in the Puding karst experiment area were selected, where the filled soil were yellow soil clay and yellow calcareous soil, respectively. Especially, the upper and middle parts of profile B contain more plant roots. The field infiltration experiments on the two typical karst profiles were done (profile A:3 times; profile B:1 time), and the soil moisture content at the R-S interface and intermediate soil (SZ) were measured with TDR. Meanwhile, combined with the infrared imaging and dyeing tracer of the infiltration front of the profile, the influence of the dominant rock-soil interface flow, the initial moisture state (degree of wetness and non-uniform distribution) and the vegetation root system on the movement of the soil moisture front in the trough with different initial moisture content was analyzed. The results show that the rapid dominant flow at R-S interface significantly affects the infiltration and water movement in the soil of the karst troughs, and the degree of its influence is related to the size and distribution of the initial soil moisture content. The increase of soil moisture content in the vicinity of R-S interface where the infiltration front reaches during infiltration is 1.1 to 14.5 times of that in the middle of karst trough; but the lateral water potential gradient formed by the preferential flow in the R-S interface can reduce the downward velocity of the dominant flow front. Whereas, in the middle part of the soil far away from the R-S interface, the wetting front moving down speed in infiltration mainly depends on the degree of soil moisture at the initial stage. The lower the soil moisture content, the greater the wetting front matrix potential gradient and the faster the wetting front moving down. For another, the macro-pore dominant flow of vegetation root system mainly acted on the surface soil moist front movement in the initial infiltration and the preferential flow of the R-S interface is not significant. Then, with the increase of infiltration depth, the lateral dispersion of preferential flow in the R-S interface has a stronger influence on wetting front migration and soil moisture content.
keywords:rock-soil interface, infiltration, karst, thermal imager, dyeing tracer
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