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武汉地区表层岩溶带发育特征
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引用本文:罗小杰,张三定,沈 建.武汉地区表层岩溶带发育特征[J].中国岩溶,2018,37(5):650-658. LUO Xiaojie,ZHANG Sanding,SHEN Jian.Development characteristics of the epikarst zone in Wuhan area[J].Carsologica Sinica,2018,37(5):650-658.
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作者单位
罗小杰 长江岩土工程总公司(武汉)武汉 430010 
张三定 长江岩土工程总公司(武汉)武汉 430011 
沈 建 武汉地铁集团有限公司武汉 430030 
基金项目:地铁工程岩溶专题研究项目
中文摘要:为查明武汉地区表层岩溶带发育特征,利用大量工程钻孔资料及水文地质试验成果,对武汉地区表层岩溶带进行了统计分析与研究。结果表明:武汉地区表层岩溶带平均厚度为11~16 m,每米深度平均线岩溶率为3.93%~10.52%,最大为5.83%~17.25%,岩溶中等—强发育,带下岩溶微弱发育;带内约1/2的溶洞高度小于1.8 m,平均洞高1.50~2.18 m,具有规模较小、数量多的特点;2/3的溶洞全充填,无充填和半充填溶洞约占1/3,充填物主要来源于上部覆盖层。表层岩溶带内岩体和土同存,作为建筑物地基均一性差;渗透系数平均为0.04~6.60 m·d-1,总体具弱—中等渗透性;岩土工程施工等级较高且跨度较大。
中文关键词:武汉地区  覆盖型岩溶  表层岩溶带  线岩溶率
 
Development characteristics of the epikarst zone in Wuhan area
Abstract:In order to find out the development characteristics of the epikarst zone in the Wuhan area, the statistical analysis and research have been carried out by using a large number of engineering drilling data and hydrogeological test results. The result shows that the average thickness of the epikarst zone is from 11 to 16 m, and the average linear karst rate for per meter depth is from 3.93% to 10.52%, the maximum of which is from 5.83% to 17.25%; the karst is moderately to strongly developed in the epikarst zone, and the lower part karst development is weak. About half of the karst caves in the zone are less than 1.8 m in height, and the average height is of 1.50 to 2.18 m ,with the characteristics of small in size and large quantity in cave number. 2/3 of the karst caves are fully filled, while about 1/3 of the caves are non-filling or semi-filling, with their filling material mainly came from the upper overburdens. In the epikarst zone, rock masses and soils occur together in one place, and as a result their property for building foundation ground is poor. The average hydraulic conductivity is from 0.04 to 6.60 m·d-1, which falls in the range of weak to medium permeability. These characteristics of the epikarst zone are of great significance to the selection of building foundation types, the bearing layer of pile foundation and the construction method of the tunnel, which is also important for the utilization and treatment of groundwater in the foundation pits and underground engineering.
keywords:Wuhan area, covered karst,epikarst zone, linear karst rate
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