• 首页
  • 刊物介绍
  • 编委会
  • 过刊浏览
  • 订阅指南
  • 在线投稿
  • 联系我们
雪玉洞母岩沉积地质特征及其对次生沉积物的影响
    点此下载全文
引用本文:雷佳琪,伍坤宇,由 超,姜雪萌,王 鹏,蒋勇军.雪玉洞母岩沉积地质特征及其对次生沉积物的影响[J].中国岩溶,2017,36(3):296-305.
摘要点击次数: 98
全文下载次数: 657
学科分类:
作者单位
雷佳琪 西南大学地理科学学院 
伍坤宇 西南大学地理科学学院中国石油天然气股份有限公司青海油田分公司勘探开发研究院 
由 超 中国石油天然气股份有限公司青海油田分公司勘探开发研究院 
姜雪萌 中国石油天然气股份有限公司青海油田分公司测试公司 
王 鹏 西南大学地理科学学院暨南大学地下水与地球科学学院 
蒋勇军 西南大学地理科学学院 
基金项目:喀斯特槽谷区土地石漠化过程及综合治理技术研发与示范(2016YFC0502300)
中文摘要:为了研究洞穴母岩对洞穴系统及次生沉积物产生的影响,以重庆丰都雪玉洞母岩为研究对象,对其沉积地质特征进行了详细的研究,同时还探讨母岩的沉积地质特征与洞穴发育及次生沉积物特征之间的关联。结果表明,雪玉洞的母岩层位为下三叠统飞仙关组第二段,其沉积相为颗粒滩。母岩的岩性为砂屑灰岩、鲕粒灰岩、砾屑灰岩, 夹少量微晶灰岩。母岩和洞穴次生沉积物的主要矿物成分是低镁方解石(LMC, low magnesium calcite)。母岩较低的Mg/Ca导致洞穴滴水的Mg/Ca也较低,这使得组成次生沉积物的低镁方解石晶体快速侧向生长,并导致方解石晶体纯净、粗大且自形程度高。雪玉洞母岩顶底板岩层沉积期稳定的滩间海沉积环境有助于形成高强度的厚层微晶灰岩从而为洞穴系统的发育提供有效的支撑。这表明洞穴母岩的沉积地质特征会在物质基础的层面对洞穴系统的发育以及洞穴次生沉积物的特征产生显著影响。
中文关键词:碳酸盐岩  沉积地质特征  次生沉积物  低镁方解石  雪玉洞
 
Characteristics of sedimentary geology of parent rock at the Xueyudong Cave and its impact on secondary sediments
Abstract:The purpose of this work is to explore the effect of parent rock at caves on the cave system and its secondary sediments. Taking the Xueyudong Cave in Fengdu, Chongqing City as an example, we have made a detailed investigation to characterize its sedimentary geology, and study the relationship between sedimentary characteristics of parent rock and development of the cave and its secondary deposits. The results indicate that the parent rock of Xueyudong Cave belongs to the second member of Triassic Feixianguan Formation with main sedimentary facies as grain shoal. The main types of the rock are calcarenite grainstone, oolitic grainstone, calcirudite grainstone with a little micrite sandwiched. The predominant mineral compositions of the parent rock and secondary sediments are low magnesium calcite (LMC). The low Mg/Ca ratio of the parent rock led to a low Mg/Ca ratio of drip water in the cave, resulting in fast sideward growth of calcite crystals in LMC which are pure, coarse and of highly idiomorphic, that constitute the secondary sediments. The interbank, a relatively quiet sedimentary environment when the roof strata of the Xueyudong Cave were deposited, provided a good condition for the formation of thick-bedded limestone with high strength, thus helpful for development of the cave system. It means that the features of sedimentary geology of the parent rock in the cave can produce obvious influence on the evolution of the cave system and its secondary sediments. 
keywords:carbonate parent rock, sedimentary facies, speleothem properties, low magnesium calcite, Xueyudong Cave
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器


您是第 2284813 位访问者
版权所有《中国岩溶》编辑部
主管单位:中国地质科学院 主办单位:中国地质科学院岩溶地质研究所 地址:广西桂林七星路50号
邮政编码:541004 电话:0773-5812949 7796657 电子邮件:zgyr@karst.ac.cn

技术支持:北京勤云科技发展有限公司