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我国“十一五”期间的岩溶研究进展与重要活动
投稿时间:2010-10-08    点此下载全文
引用本文:蒋忠诚,裴建国,夏日元,张美良,雷明堂.我国“十一五”期间的岩溶研究进展与重要活动[J].中国岩溶,2010,29(4):349-354.
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作者单位
蒋忠诚 中国地质科学院岩溶地质研究所 
裴建国 中国地质科学院岩溶地质研究所 
夏日元 中国地质科学院岩溶地质研究所 
张美良 中国地质科学院岩溶地质研究所 
雷明堂 中国地质科学院岩溶地质研究所 
基金项目:地质调查计划项目(编号水[2010]矿评03-07)和广西科技计划项目(编号桂科0638006-6、桂科转0719005-2-3和桂科攻0816003-2)
中文摘要:“十一五”期间,国际岩溶中心在我国桂林成立,岩溶研究在理论上与实践应用上取得了显著进展。理论上,运用地球系统科学的观点和现代自动化测试手段发展了岩溶动力学;新的学科生长点岩溶生态学不但揭示了西南岩溶生态系统的脆弱性、土壤质量变化与某些土壤营养元素形态的初步规律,而且选育了大量适合岩溶地区的名特优植物物种;全球变化研究探讨了岩溶水循环中溶解无机碳形式对全球碳汇的贡献,从多种气候替代指标深化了洞穴石笋的古环境记录研究;用新技术探索了岩溶地下水水质和水量的有效评价方法。应用上,形成的西南岩溶水、石漠化和水土流失调查区域性资料在国家目标和干旱找水重大社会需 求中发挥重要作用,岩溶地区油气勘察形成典型地质模式,中国南方喀斯特自然遗产申报成功,岩溶塌陷监测与预警新技术成功用于工程建设区塌陷的防治。
中文关键词:岩溶学  研究进展  “十一五”  中国岩溶
 
Progresses and important activities of karst research during the 11th Five-Year Plan in China
Abstract:International karst research center is founded in Guilin and fruitful progresses both in theory and practice research have been got during the 11th Five-Year Plan. Theoretically, the karst dynamics is developed in light of the earth system science views and modern automatic testing measures. And the new growing point, karst ecology not only has brought to light the fragility of the karst eco-system and the changes in soil quality as well as the speciation law of some soil nutrient elements in southwest China, but also selected a lot of special species that suit the karst environments. In the field of global change researches, the dissolved in organic carbon of the karst hydro-cycle has been found as an important part in global carbon cycle and many climatic supersede indicators has been used to deepen the study on palaeo-environmental records of the cave stalagmites. Furthermore, new technology and soft ware is used to study the available evaluation methods in the water quality and quantity evaluation of karst underground water. Practically, the geological survey data, including the karst water resources in southwest China and the karst rocky desertification environments as well as the soil erosion datum, has played important role in the national goal and significant society demands on one hand. And on the other hand, typical geo-model is formed in the gas and oil exploration in karst areas, the South China Karst is reported and listed successfully as the world natural heritage and the new monitor and early warning techniques of karst collapse are successfully used to prevent and cure karst collapse in the practical engineering.
keywords:karstology  research progresses  the 11th Five-Year Plan in China  karst in China
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