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云南省洱源县断裂特征及其对地热的控制作用

金文正

金文正. 云南省洱源县断裂特征及其对地热的控制作用[J]. 中国岩溶,2024,43(1):57-71 doi: 10.11932/karst20240105
引用本文: 金文正. 云南省洱源县断裂特征及其对地热的控制作用[J]. 中国岩溶,2024,43(1):57-71 doi: 10.11932/karst20240105
JIN Wenzheng. Characteristics of faults and their controlling effect on geothermal energy in Eryuan county, Yunnan Province[J]. CARSOLOGICA SINICA, 2024, 43(1): 57-71. doi: 10.11932/karst20240105
Citation: JIN Wenzheng. Characteristics of faults and their controlling effect on geothermal energy in Eryuan county, Yunnan Province[J]. CARSOLOGICA SINICA, 2024, 43(1): 57-71. doi: 10.11932/karst20240105

云南省洱源县断裂特征及其对地热的控制作用

doi: 10.11932/karst20240105
基金项目: 云南省科技计划项目“云南省中深层地热能开发利用关键技术研究”(202302AF080001);国家自然科学基金项目“龙门山冲断带构造分段变形机制研究”(41002072)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    金文正(1978-),男,博士,讲师,主要从事能源地质和盆地分析方向研究。E-mail:jwz@cugb.edu.cn。

  • 中图分类号: P314

Characteristics of faults and their controlling effect on geothermal energy in Eryuan county, Yunnan Province

  • 摘要: 地热资源在未来的能源结构中具有重要地位,为分析云南省洱源县地热资源分布的构造控制因素,文章通过野外地质调查对县域内多条重点断裂进行了野外露头观测和分析,对不同断裂类型两盘受力情况进行计算和分析,并通过三维立体图形对县域内断裂与地热分布进行了展示,结果表明:洱源县域内发育多条大型断裂带,走向以NW—SE向为主,具有多期构造活动,具“压扭性”或“张扭性”特征,并被后期张性断层切割改造;正断层下盘及逆断层上盘具有更大的正应力值和剪应力值,多发育牵引背斜,更容易发育裂缝;断裂构造对温泉的控制作用明显,其中大型走滑断裂可沟通深部热源,温泉热水可沿后期张性断裂发生地下径流,然后可在断裂附近的裂缝发育带、断裂交汇处以及断层尖灭处聚集区,在海拔及第四系等多因素综合影响下,热水出露地表形成温泉。

     

  • 图  1  云南省洱源县区域大断裂展布图(据参考文献[26]修改)

    F1.怒江断裂 F2.澜沧江断裂 F3.丽江-小金河(或剑川)断裂 F4.红河断裂 F5.程海断裂 F6.绿汁江断裂 F7.小江断裂 F8.康定-奕良-水城断裂 F9.弥勒-师宗-水城断裂 f1.澜沧江断裂 f2.维西-乔后断裂 f3.金沙江断裂 f4.红河断裂 f5.哀牢山断裂 f6.丽江-剑川断裂 f7.鹤庆-洱源断裂 f8.程海断裂 I.西藏-三江造山系 I1.保山地块 I2.碧罗雪山陆缘弧带 I3.兰坪-思茅双向弧后-陆内盆地 I4.维西陆缘弧带 I5.中咱-中甸地块 II.杨子-华南陆块区 II1.点苍山结晶基底断块 II2.丽江-盐源陆缘断褶带 II3.楚雄陆内盆地

    Figure  1.  Distribution of regional faults in Eryuan County, Yunnan Province

    F1. Nujiang fault F2. Lancangjiang fault F3. Lijiang–Xiaojinhe(or Jianchuan) fault F4. Honghe fault F5. Chenghai fault F6. Lvyejiang fault F7. Xiaojiang fault F8. Kangding–Yiliang-Shuicheng fault F9. Mile-Shizong–Shuicheng fault f1. Lancangjiang fault f2. Weixi–Qiaohou fault f3. Jinshajiang fault f4. Honghe fault f5. Ailaoshan fault f6. Lijiang–Jianchuan fault f7. Heqing–Eryuan fault f8. Chenghai fault I. Xizang–Sanjiang Orogenic system I1. Baoshan massif I2. Marginal arc zone of Biluo snow mountain I3. Lanping–Simao bidirectional backarc–intracontinental basin I4. Marginal arc zone of Weixi I5. Zhongzan–Zhongdian massif II. Yangzi–Huananlu massif II1. Diancangshan crystalline basement block II2. Lijiang–Yanyuan marginal fault fold belt II3. Chuxiong intracontinental basin

    图  2  洱源县断裂构造平面展布图

    F1.维西-乔后断裂 F2.龙蟠-乔后断裂 F3.罗坪山断裂 F4.鹤庆-洱源断裂 F5.南大坪断裂 F6.北排-正生村断裂

    Figure  2.  Plane layout of faults in Eryuan county

    F1. Weixi–Qiaohou fault F2. Longpan–Qiaohou fault F3. Luopingshan fault F4. Heqing–Eryuan fault F5. Nandaping fault F6. Beipai–Zhengshengcun fault

    图  3  洱源县东西向野外地质联合剖面

    Figure  3.  Field geological profiles of Eryuan county in east–west direction

    图  4  洱源县重点断裂地质露头特征(构造观测点位置见图2所示)

    Figure  4.  Characteristics of geological outcrops of key faults in Eryuan county (see Figure 2 for the location of structural observation points)

    图  5  岩层发生破裂的双轴应力状态下的二维应力莫尔圆

    Figure  5.  Two-dimensional stress Mohr circle under biaxial stress state when rock stratum breaks

    图  6  断层两盘岩层发生拖曳构造(即牵引褶皱)的应变分布

    Figure  6.  Strain distribution of dragged structure (i.e. dragged fold) occurring in rock layers on both sides of the faults

    图  7  不同断裂类型及断裂组合背景下的裂缝分布预测

    Figure  7.  Distribution of fractures with different fault types and fault combination backgrounds

    图  8  洱源县现有温泉与不同走向的主要断裂展布关系图

    Figure  8.  Distribution of existing hot springs in Eryuan county and main faults with different directions

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  • 收稿日期:  2023-01-01
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-03-21
  • 刊出日期:  2024-02-01

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