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近1 000年来百年尺度亚洲季风降水变化和太阳活动的机制联系

崔英方 赵侃 邵晓华 陈仕涛 汪永进

崔英方,赵 侃,邵晓华,等.近1 000年来百年尺度亚洲季风降水变化和太阳活动的机制联系[J].中国岩溶,2022,41(1):143-152. doi: 10.11932/karst20220108
引用本文: 崔英方,赵 侃,邵晓华,等.近1 000年来百年尺度亚洲季风降水变化和太阳活动的机制联系[J].中国岩溶,2022,41(1):143-152. doi: 10.11932/karst20220108
CUI Yingfang,ZHAO Kan,SHAO Xiaohua,et al.Mechanism of Asian monsoon precipitation variation and solar activity on a century time scale over the past 1,000 years[J].Carsologica Sinica,2022,41(01):143-152. doi: 10.11932/karst20220108
Citation: CUI Yingfang,ZHAO Kan,SHAO Xiaohua,et al.Mechanism of Asian monsoon precipitation variation and solar activity on a century time scale over the past 1,000 years[J].Carsologica Sinica,2022,41(01):143-152. doi: 10.11932/karst20220108

近1 000年来百年尺度亚洲季风降水变化和太阳活动的机制联系

doi: 10.11932/karst20220108
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金 41702180, 41572151, 42071105

江苏省教育厅2020年度省高校“青蓝工程”优秀青年骨干教师培养项目 

详细信息
    作者简介:

    崔英方(1986-),女,博士,副教授,研究方向:全球变化和资源与环境演变。E-mail:cuiyingfang86@163.com

    通讯作者:

    赵侃(1982-),男,硕士生导师,博士,副教授,研究方向:洞穴古气候。E-mail:09371@njnu.com

  • 中图分类号: P467

Mechanism of Asian monsoon precipitation variation and solar activity on a century time scale over the past 1,000 years

Funds: 

 41702180, 41572151, 42071105

  • 摘要: 太阳活动与地球气候系统之间的关系一直是全球变化研究的热点,但是对于两者联系机制的认识仍存在不足。本文选取贵州董哥洞高分辨率和高精度定年的石笋氧同位素(δ18O)记录,探索近1 000年以来亚洲夏季风降水、北半球温度与太阳活动之间的关系,进而探讨亚洲夏季风的变化机制。通过功率谱和小波分析,发现太阳活动,北半球温度和亚洲季风变化均存在显著的准200年周期行为。进一步提取并函数拟和准200年周期信号,对比发现太阳活动和北半球温度变化呈现同相位联系,但与亚洲季风变化呈现反相位关系,这一结果也得到了交叉谱分析结果的支持。上述对比结果支持太阳辐射变化调控北半球温度变化的观点,同时,揭示了太阳活动影响亚洲季风变化的复杂性。地球气候系统内部驱动机制和人类活动影响有可能调节或者改变太阳辐射与亚洲季风之间的联系机制。随着人类活动加强,尤其是温室气体排放加剧,很有可能影响对流层径向温度梯度的变化,从而增加亚洲季风变化预测的不可预知性。

     

  • 图  1  亚洲夏季风、北京暖季温度和太阳辐射量对比

    Figure  1.  Comparison of Asian summer monsoon, Beijing warm season temperature and solar radiation

    图  2  董哥洞石笋δ18O记录小波分析

    Figure  2.  Wavelet analysis of stalagmite δ18O records from Dongge Cave

    图  3  董哥洞石笋DX时间序列的功率谱分析

    Figure  3.  Power spectrum analysis of time series of Stalagmite DX from Dongge Cave

    图  4  亚洲夏季风、太阳辐射量和北半球温度对比

    Figure  4.  Comparison of Asian summer monsoon, solar radiation and northern hemisphere temperature

    图  5  准200年周期上亚洲夏季风、太阳辐射量和北半球温度对比

    Figure  5.  Comparison of Asian summer monsoon, solar radiation and northern hemisphere temperature on a quasi-200-year cycle scale

    图  6  董哥洞石笋δ18O与太阳辐射量记录的交叉功率谱分析

    Figure  6.  Cross-power spectrum analysis of stalagmite δ18O in Dongge Cave and solar radiation record

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  • 收稿日期:  2021-03-16
  • 刊出日期:  2022-02-25

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